, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 1-9

Hexachlorobenzene uptake by Fathead minnows and macroinvertebrates in recirculating sediment/water systems

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Abstract

Fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas), the worm,Lumbriculus variegatus, and the amphipodsHyalella azteca andGammarus lacustris were exposed to hexachlorobenzene (HCB) in water with and without a bed of HCB-spiked sediment. Water HCB concentrations were maintained by recirculation through HCB-packed columns. Recirculating HCB-bound particulates and possibly eroded HCB particulates were an added source of HCB in addition to the sediment bed. Significant bioaccumulation of HCB in animal tissues was observed in water-only and water-sediment exposures. The presence of the HCB-spiked sediment did not result in a significant increase in the uptake of HCB by the organisms, but there was a substantial increase in sediment HCB levels over time. Higher tissue HCB levels in aquaria without sediment suggest that the sediment was a more efficient sink for HCB than the organisms.