Synergism, antagonism, and additivity of phenol, pentachlorophenol, and dinitrophenol to a fish ( Notopterus notopterus) Authors
Received: 03 March 1980 Accepted: 13 June 1980 DOI:
Cite this article as: Verma, S.R., Rani, S. & Dalela, R.C. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. (1981) 10: 365. doi:10.1007/BF01055638 Abstract
The toxicity of phenol (P), pentachlorophenol (PCP), and dinitrophenol (DNP) was determined separately and in different combinations with a test fish,
Notopterus notopterus, using the procedure of Schubert et al. (1978) that provided a simple, sensitive, and quantitative index of synergism, antagonism and additivity. The combination (P + DNP)/PCP was found to be the most synergistic, while (PCP + DNP)/P was antagonistic in nature. The (DNP + P)/PCP combination was additive in its effect. The other combinations were also synergistic, but to a lesser extent than the (P + DNP)/PCP combination. References
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