Article

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp 483-492

Three diagnostic systems for autism: DSM-III, DSM-III-R, and ICD-10

  • Fred R. VolkmarAffiliated withChild Study Center, Yale University and Veterans Administration Medical Center
  • , Domenic V. CicchettiAffiliated withChild Study Center, Yale University and Veterans Administration Medical Center
  • , Joel BregmanAffiliated withChild Study Center, Yale University and Veterans Administration Medical Center
  • , Donald J. CohenAffiliated withChild Study Center, Yale University and Veterans Administration Medical Center

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Abstract

ICD-10 draft research criteria for childhood autism were applied to a previously published data set comparing DSM-III and DSM-III-R to clinicians' diagnoses of autism. The ICD-10 approach paralleled clinicians' patterns of diagnosis and, to a lesser extent, the DSM-III system. Relative to either clinicians, DSM-III, or ICD-10 the DSM-III-R system overdiagnosed the presence of autism. Implications for research and for future revision of diagnostic criteria are discussed.