Biofeedback and Self-regulation

, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 291–300

The presence or absence of light during flotation restricted environmental stimulation: Effects on plasma cortisol, blood pressure, and mood

  • John W. TurnerJr.
  • Thomas Fine
  • Gina Ewy
  • Peter Sershon
  • Thomas Freundlich
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF00999120

Cite this article as:
Turner, J.W., Fine, T., Ewy, G. et al. Biofeedback and Self-Regulation (1989) 14: 291. doi:10.1007/BF00999120

Abstract

This study examined the effect of light on relaxation associated with flotation restricted environmental stimulation therapy (REST), as measured by plasma cortisol, mean arterial pressure, and psychometric parameters. Twenty-one subjects were paired by baseline cortisol levels into two groups: one experiencing flotation REST in the presence of light (REST-L) and one experiencing flotation REST in the absence of light (REST-D). Subjects were 15 male and 6 female students aged 22–28 in normal health who had not experienced REST. Repeated flotation REST (8 sessions) either with light or without light was associated with a decrease in plasma cortisol and a decrease in mean arterial pressure, with no differences in effectiveness between groups. The psychometric assessment of mood, using the POMS scale, before and after sessions 1 and 8 revealed mood state improvement in both REST-L and REST-D groups. These data suggest that the presence of light did not compromise the flotation REST experience, as evidenced by the lack of difference between REST-L and REST-D groups.

Descriptor Key Words

relaxation cortisol restricted environment blood pressure mood 

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • John W. TurnerJr.
    • 1
  • Thomas Fine
    • 1
  • Gina Ewy
    • 1
  • Peter Sershon
    • 1
  • Thomas Freundlich
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyMedical College of OhioToledo