Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 154, Issue 1, pp 1–10

Insect and wind pollination inUrginea maritima (Liliaceae)


  • A. Dafni
    • Institute of EvolutionHaifa University
  • R. Dukas
    • Israel Entomology Centre

DOI: 10.1007/BF00984864

Cite this article as:
Dafni, A. & Dukas, R. Pl Syst Evol (1986) 154: 1. doi:10.1007/BF00984864


Three co-existing pollination mechanisms are found inUrginea maritima: insect-, wind-, and self-pollination. The flowers exhibit a typical insect-pollination syndrome; they offer abundant exposed nectar as well as pollen. Out of the many different visitors only a few could be regarded as pollinators:Apis mellifera, Polistes gallicus, andVespa orientalis. Wind pollination also occurs and generally is responsible for self-pollination.

It is argued that the development of extra wind-pollination accompanied by partial self-incompatibility is an adaptation to increase pollination in an unfavourable season (August–September), when insects are scarce.

Key words

AngiospermsLiliaceaeUrginea maritimaPollination mechanisms

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986