Nonlanguage factors affecting undergraduates' judgments of nonnative English-speaking teaching assistants
- Donald L. Rubin
- … show all 1 hide
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
In response to dramatic changes in the demographics of graduate education, considerable effort is being deveoted to training teaching assistants who are nonnative speakers of English (NNSTAs). Three studies extend earlier research that showed the potency of nonlanguage factors such as ethnicity in affecting undergraduates' reactions to NNSTAs. Study 1 examined effects of instructor ethnicity, even when the instructor's language was completely standard. Study 2 identified predictors of teacher ratings and listening comprehension from among several attitudinal and background variables. Study 3 was a pilot intervention effort in which undergraduates served as teaching coaches for NNSTAs. This intervention, however, exerted no detectable effect on undergraduates' attitudes. Taken together, these findings warrant that intercultural sensitization for undergraduates must complement skills training for NNSTAs, but that this sensitization will not accrue from any superficial intervention program.
Supplementary Material (0)
- Abraham, R. G., and Plakans, B. S. (1988). Evaluating a screening/training program for NNS Teaching Assistants.TESOL Quarterly 22: 505–508.
- Althen, G. (1991). Teaching “culture” to international teaching assistants. In J. Nyquist, R. Abbott, D. Wulff, and J. Sprague (eds.),Preparing the Professoriate of Tomorrow to Teach (pp. 350–355). Dubuque, IA: Kendall-Hunt.
- Bachman, L. F. (1985). Performance on cloze tests with fixed-ratio and rational deletions.TESOL Quarterly 19: 535–556.
- Bailey, K. M. (1984). The “foreign TA problem.” In K. Bailey, F. Pialorsi, and J. Zukowski/Faust (eds.),Foreign Teaching Assistants in U.S. Universities (pp. 3–15). Washington, DC: National Association for Foreign Student Affairs.
- Briggs, S., and Hofer, B. (1991). Undergraduate perceptions of ITA effectiveness. In J. Nyquist, R. Abbott, D. Wulff, and J. Sprague (eds.),Preparing the Professoriate of Tomorrow to Teach (pp. 435–445). Dubuque, IA: Kendall-Hunt.
- Brislin, R. W. (1981).Cross-Cultural Encounters. New York: Pergamon.
- Brown, K. (1988). American college student attitudes toward non-native instructors. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Minnesota. (DAI 49: 1710A–1711A).
- Byrd, P., Constantinides, J. C., and Pennington, M. (1989).The Foreign Teaching Assistant's Manual. New York: Macmillan.
- Civikly, J. M., and Muchisky, D. M. (1991). A collaborative approach to ITA training: The ITAs, faculty, TAs, undergraduate interns, and undergraduate students. In J. Nyquist, R. Abbott, D. Wulff, and J. Sprague (eds.),Preparing the Professoriate of Tomorrow to Teach (pp. 356–360). Dubuque, IA: Kendall-Hunt.
- Constantinides, J. C. (March 1987). The “foreign TA problem”—An update.NAFSA Newsletter 38: 3, 5.
- Dalle, T., and Inglis, M. (March 1989). What really affects undergraduates' evaluations of nonnative teaching assistants' teaching? Paper presented at the TESOL Annual Convention, San Antonio, Texas.
- Dodd, C. (1986).Dynamics of Intercultural Communication (2nd ed.). Dubuque, IA: Wm. C. Brown.
- Dunn, T. G., and Constantinides, J. C. (1991). Standardized test scores and placement of international teaching assistants. In J. Nyquist, R. Abbott, D. Wulff, and J. Sprague (eds.),Preparing the Professoriate of Tomorrow to Teach (pp. 413–419). Dubuque, IA: Kendall-Hunt.
- Edwards, J. R. (1982). Language attitudes and their implications among English speakers. In E. B. Ryan and H. Giles (eds.),Attitudes Towards Language Variation (pp. 20–33). London: Edward Arnold.
- Elliot, S. (1979). Perceived homophily as a predictor of classroom learning. In D. Nimmo (ed.),Human Communication Yearbook 3 (pp. 585–602). New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books.
- Gallego, J. C., Goodwin, J., and Turner, J. (1991). ITA Oral Assessment: The examinee's perspective. In J. Nyquist, R. Abbott, D. Wulff, and J. Sprague (eds.),Preparing the Professoriate of Tomorrow to Teach (pp. 404–412). Dubuque, IA: Kendall-Hunt.
- Gudykunst, W. (1977). Intercultural contact and attitude change: A review of the literature and suggestions for future research. In N. Jain (ed.),International and Intercultural Communication Annual, vol. 4 (pp. 1–16). Falls Church, VA: Speech Communication Association.
- Heller, S. (September 11, 1985). Colleges try tests and training to make sure foreign T.A.'s can be understood.Chronicle of Higher Education, pp. 1, 32, 33.
- Hess, J. (November 2, 1987). Instructors' fluency in English debated at University of Florida.Atlanta Constitution, pp. 1, 9.
- Instructors' broken English prompts Illinois law (October 4, 1987).Atlanta Journal and Constitution.
- Lambert, W., Hodgson, R., Gardner, R., and Fillenbaum, S. (1960). Evaluational reactions to spoken languages.Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 60: 44–51.
- McCroskey, J. C., Richmond, V. P., and Daly, J. A. (1975). The development of a measure of perceived homophily in interpersonal communication.Human Communication Research 1: 321–332.
- Norusis, M. J. (1990).SPSS-PC + Advanced Statistics 4.0. Chicago: SPSS, Inc.
- Orth, J. L. (1982). University undergraduate evaluational reactions to the speech of foreign teaching assistants. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Texas. (DAI (1983), 43: 12, 3897-A).
- Pica, T., Barnes, G. A., and Finger, A. G. (1990).Teaching Matters: Skills and Strategies for International Teaching Assistants. New York: Newbury House.
- Piche, G. L., Michlin, M. L., Rubin, D. L., and Sullivan, A. (1977). Effects of dialect-ethnicity, social class, and quality of written composition on teachers' subjective judgments of students.Communication Monographs 44: 60–72.
- Robinson, W. P. (1972).Language and Social Behavior. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin Books.
- Rubin, D. L., and Smith, K. A. (1990). Effects of accent, ethnicity, and lecture topic on undergraduates' perceptions of non-native English speaking teaching assistants.International Journal of Intercultural Relations 14: 337–353.
- Schneider, K., and Stevens, S. G. (1991). American undergraduate students as trainers in an international teaching assistant training program. In J. Nyquist, R. Abbott, D. Wulff, and J. Sprague (eds.),Preparing the Professoriate of Tomorrow to Teach (pp. 361–367). Dubuque, IA: Kendall-Hunt.
- Sharan, S. (1980). Cooperative learning in small groups: Recent methods and effects on achievement, attitudes, and ethnic relations.Review of Educational Research 50: 241–272.
- Thomas, C. F., and Monoson, P. K. (1991). Issues related to state-mandated English language proficiency requirements. In J. Nyquist, R. Abbott, D. Wulff, and J. Sprague (eds.),Preparing the Professoriate of Tomorrow to Teach (pp. 382–392). Dubuque, IA: Kendall-Hunt.
- Turitz, N. J. (1984). A survey of training programs for foreign teaching assistants in American universities. In K. Bailey, F. Pialorsi, and J. Zukowski/Faust (eds.),Foreign Teaching Assistants in U.S. Universities (pp. 43–50). Washington, DC: National Association for Foreign Student Affairs.
- Verhovek, S. H. (November 5, 1989). An American accent for teachers from abroad.New York Times, Section 4A, pp. 22–23.
- vom Saal, D. R., and Sarwak, S. (November 1989). Strengthening the ITA program through the involvement of undergraduates. Paper presented at the Second National Conference on the Training and Employment of Teaching Assistants, Seattle.
- Whitla, D. K. (1968). Evaluation of decision making: A study of college admissions. In D. Whitla (ed.),Handbook of Measurement and Assessment in Behavioral Sciences (pp. 456–490). Reading, MA: Addison Wesley.
- Yule, G., and Hoffman, P. (1990). Predicting success for international teaching assistants in a U.S. university.TESOL Quarterly 24: 227–243.
- Zikopoulos, M. (ed.) (1988).Open Doors 1987/88: Report on International Educational Exchange. New York: Institute of International Education.
About this Article
- Nonlanguage factors affecting undergraduates' judgments of nonnative English-speaking teaching assistants
Research in Higher Education
Volume 33, Issue 4 , pp 511-531
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Human Sciences Press
- Additional Links
- Donald L. Rubin (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Speech Communication and Language Education, The University of Georgia, 30602, Athens, GA