Homelessness: What is a psychologist to do?
- Marybeth Shinn
- … show all 1 hide
368 Downloads 200 Citations 9 Comments
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
This article is based on a Presidential Address to the Society for Community Research and Action: The Division of Community Psychology (27) of the American Psychological Association at the annual meeting, San Francisco, August 1991. Preparation was funded by grant #RO1MH46116 from the National Institute of Mental Health. The New York City data were collected jointly with James Knickman and Beth Weitzman of the Wagner School of Public Service, New York University under a contract from the New York City Human Resources Administration to James Knickman. This paper was influenced by Hopper and Hamberg (1986) and Stegman and Keyes (1991) in ways that exceed specific citations, although the conclusions accord more with the former authors' than with the latter. I thank Barbara Felton, Diane Hughes, Bruce Rapkin, and Ed Seidman for their helpful comments and Ben McDaniels, Lisa Duchon, and Beth Weitzman for checking the tables.
- Apgar, W. C. Jr., DiPasquale, D., Cummings, J., & McArdle, N. (1990).The state of the nation's housing 1990. Cambridge, MA: Joint Center for Housing Studies of Harvard University.
- Bassuk, E. L., & Rosenberg, L. (1988). Why does family homelessness occur? A case-control study.American Journal of Public Health, 78, 783–788.
- Blasi, Gary L. (1990). Social policy and social science research on homelessness.Journal of Social Issues, 46(4), 207–219.
- Farr, R. K., Koegel, P., & Burnam, A. (1986).A study of homelessness and mental illness in the skid row area of Los Angeles. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health.
- Felner, R. D., Primavera, J., & Cauce, A. M. (1981). The impact of school transitions: A focus for preventive efforts.American Journal of Community Psychology, 9, 449–459.
- Fischer, P. J., Shapiro, S., Breakey, W. R., Anthony, J. C., & Kramer, M. (1986). Mental health and social characteristics of the homeless: A survey of mission users.American Journal of Public Health, 76, 519–524.
- Goodman, L. A. (1991). The relationship between social support and family homelessness: A comparison study of homeless and housed mothers.Journal of Community Psychology, 19, 321–332.
- Grigsby, C., Baumann, D., Gregorich, S. E., & Roberts-Gray, C. (1990). Disaffiliation to entrenchment: A model for understanding homelessness.Journal of Social Issues, 46(4), 141–156.
- Hopper, K. (1990). Public shelter as a “hybrid institution”: Homeless men in historical perspective.Journal of Social Issues, 46(4), 13–29.
- Hopper, K., & Hamberg, J. (1986). The making of America's homeless: From skid row to new poor, 1945–1984. In R. G. Bratt, C. Hartman & A. Meyerson (Eds.),Critical perspectives on housing (pp. 12–40). Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
- Kennedy, C. (1989). Community integration and well-being: Toward the goals of community care.Journal of Social Issues, 45(3), 65–77.
- Knickman, J. R., & Weitzman, B. C. (1989).A study of homeless families in New York City: Forecasting models to target families at high risk of homelessness (Final Report, Vol. 3). New York: Health Research Program, New York University.
- Knickman, J. R., Weitzman, B. C, Shinn, M., & Marcus, E. H. (1989).A study of homeless families in New York City: characteristics and comparisons with other public assistance families (Final Report, Vol. 2). New York: Health Research Program, New York University.
- Koegel, P., & Burnam, M. A. (1988). Alcoholism among homeless adults in the inner city of Los Angeles.Archives of General Psychiatry, 45, 1011–1018.
- Koegel, P., & Burnam, M. A. (1992). Problems in the assessment of mental illness among the homeless: An empirical approach. In M. J. Robertson & M. Greenblatt (Eds.),Homelessness: A national perspective (pp. 77–100). New York: Plenum Press.
- Koegel, P., Burnam, M. A., & Farr, R. K. (1988). The prevalence of specific psychiatric disorders among homeless individuals in the inner city of Los Angeles.Archives of General Psychiatry, 45, 1085–1092.
- Koegel, P., Burnam, M. A., & Farr, R. K. (1990). Subsistence adaptation among homeless adults in the inner city of Los Angeles.Journal of Social Issues, 46(4), 83–107.
- Leonard, P. A., Dolbeare, C. N., & Lazere, E. B. (1989).A place to call home: The crisis in housing for the poor. Washington DC: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities and Low Income Housing Information Service.
- Levine, M., Wesolowski, J. C., & Corbett, F. J. (1966). Pupil turnover and academic performance in an inner city elementary school.Psychology in the Schools, 3, 153–156.
- Link, B. (1991, September).Public attitudes toward the homeless: Compassion fatigue? Paper presented at meeting of the American Association of Public Opinion Researchers, New York Chapter, New York.
- Lipton, F. R., Sabatini, A., & Katz, S. E. (1983). Down and out in the city: The homeless mentally ill.Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 34, 817–821.
- Littman, M. S. (1989). Poverty in the 1980's: Are the poor getting poorer?Monthly Labor Review, 112(6), 13–18.
- McChesney, K. Y. (1990). Family homelessness: A systemic problem.Journal of Social Issues, 46(4), 191–205.
- McChesney, K. Y. (1992). Paths to family homelessness. In M. J. Robertson, & M. Greenblatt (Eds.),Homelessness: A national perspective (pp. 245–256). New York: Plenum Press.
- Milburn, N. G., Booth, J. E., & Cerfaratti, V. (1991, August).Discriminants of duration of homelessness among black women in shelters. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco.
- Molnar, J., Rath, W. R., Klein, T. P., Lowe, C., & Hartmann, A. (1991).Ill fares the land: The consequences of homelessness and chronic poverty for children and families in New York City. New York: Bank Street College of Education.
- Mowbray, C., Solarz, A., Johnson, S. V., Phillips-Smith, E., & Combs, C. J. (1986).Mental health and homelessness in Detroit: A research study. Lansing: Michigan Department of Mental Health.
- Passero, J. M., Zax, M., & Zozus, R. T., Jr. (1991). Social network utilization as related to family history among the homeless.Journal of Community Psychology, 19, 70–78.
- Peterson, A. C., & Crockett, L. (1985). Pubertal timing and grade effects on adjustment.Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 14, 191–206.
- Ringheim, K. (1990a).At risk of homelessness: The roles of income and rent. New York: Praeger.
- Ringheim, K. (1990b).The structural determinants of homelessness: A study of eight cities (Discussion paper No. 930-90). Madison, WI: Institute for Research on Poverty.
- Rossi, P. H., Wright, J. D., Fisher, G. A., & Willis, G. (1987). The urban homeless: Estimating composition and size.Science, 235, 1336–1341.
- Rossi, P. H. (1989).Down and out in America: The origins of homelessness. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Saegert, S. (1989). Unlikely leaders, extreme circumstances: Older black women building community households.American Journal of Community Psychology, 17, 295–316.
- Shinn, M., Knickman, J. R., & Weitzman, B. C. (1991). Social relationships and vulnerability to becoming homeless among poor families.American Psychologist, 46, 1180–1187.
- Shinn, M., & Weitzman, B. C. (1990). Research on homelessness: An introduction.Journal of Social Issues, 46, 1–11.
- Sosin, M. R., Colson, P., & Grossman, S. (1988).Homelessness in Chicago: Poverty and pathology, social institutions, and social change. Chicago: University of Chicago, School of Social Service Administration.
- Sosin, M., Piliavin, I., & Westerfelt, H. (1990). Toward a longitudinal analysis of homelessness.Journal of Social Issues, 46(4), 157–174.
- Stegman, M. A., & Keyes, L. C. (1991, January).Housing, poverty, and homelessness: A literature review and research agenda. Paper presented at a National Institute of Mental Health/National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse sponsored conference, Cambridge, MA.
- Toro, P., & McDonell, D. M. (1992). Beliefs, attitudes, and knowledge about homelessness: A survey of the general public.American Journal of Community Psychology, 20, 53–80.
- U.S. Bureau of the Census (1990).Measuring the effect of benefits and taxes on income and poverty: 1989 (Current Population Reports, Series P-60, No. 169-RD). Washington, DC: U. S. Government Printing Office.
- U.S. Bureau of the Census (1991).Poverty in the United States: 1988 and 1989 (Current Population Reports, Series P-60, No. 171). Washington, DC: U. S. Government Printing Office.
- U. S. House of Representatives Committee on Ways and Means (1990).Overview of entitlement programs: 1990 Green Book. Washington, DC: U. S. Government Printing Office.
- Wandersman, A., & Florin, P. (1990). Citizen participation, voluntary organizations, and community development: Insights for empowerment through research. Special Section,American Journal of Community Psychology, 18, 41–177.
- Watts, H. W. (1986). Have our measures of poverty become poorer?Focus (University of Wisconsin-Madison Institute for Research on Poverty),9(2), 18–23.
- Weitzman, B. C. (1989). Pregnancy and childbirth: Risk factors for homelessness?Family Planning Perspectives, 21(4), 175–178.
- Weitzman, B. C., Knickman, J. R., & Shinn, M. (1990). Pathways to homelessness among New York City families.Journal of Social Issues, 46(4), 125–140.
- Weitzman, B. C., Knickman, J. R., & Shinn, M., (1991).Predictors of shelter use among low income families: Psychiatric history, substance abuse, and victimization. Unpublished manuscript, New York University.
- Wood, D., Valdez, R. B., Hayashi, T., & Shen, A. (1990). Homeless and housed families in Los Angeles: A study comparing demographic, economic & family function characteristics.American Journal of Public Health, 80, 1049–1052.
- Wright, J. D. (1989).Address unknown: The homeless in America. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
- Homelessness: What is a psychologist to do?
American Journal of Community Psychology
Volume 20, Issue 1 , pp 1-24
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- Marybeth Shinn (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Center for Community Research and Action, Psychology Department, New York University, 6 Washington Place, Room 275, 10003, New York, New York