, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 349-374

The role of life events, family support, and competence in adolescent substance use: A test of vulnerability and protective factors

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This research was supported by Grant R01-DA-05950-01 from the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Versions of this paper were presented at the meetings of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, the Florida Conference on Child Health, and the American Psychological Association. We thank the participating schools for their support and cooperation, Elaine Blechman and Margaret Ensminger for comments on a draft, and Mark Spellman and Caroline Zeoli for assistance with the research.