Honeybees are poor pollinators — why?
- Christian WesterkampAffiliated withBotanisches Institut, Universität Bonn
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Contrary to most other bee species honeybees are highly eusocial and hold extremely long-lived societies. Their all-season activities force them to use whatever plants available and prevent any specific adaptations — in the flowers, in honeybees, and in all competing bees. This flexible behaviour in flowers has been a precondition for perennial colony life. But as bees evade becoming contaminated by pollen their visits often do not result in pollination. Honeybee monocultures thus must be avoided by all means.
Key wordsMalus Medicago sativa Salvia glutinosa Hymenoptera Apoidea Apis mellifera Bombus Floral constancy foraging pollination social behaviour
- Honeybees are poor pollinators — why?
Plant Systematics and Evolution
Volume 177, Issue 1-2 , pp 71-75
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- Medicago sativa
- Salvia glutinosa
- Apis mellifera
- Floral constancy
- social behaviour
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Botanisches Institut, Universität Bonn, Meckenheimer Allee 170, D-W-5300, Bonn, Germany