Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 513-519

First online:

A delivery system for the treatment of primary enuresis

  • Arthur C. HoutsAffiliated withMemphis State University
  • , Robert M. LiebertAffiliated withState University of New York at Stony Brook
  • , Wendy PadawerAffiliated withState University of New York at Stony Brook

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To illustrate how to deliver underutilized psychological treatments, a comprehensive, low-cost treatment for primary enuresis was developed consisting of bell-and-pad training, cleanliness training, retention control, and overlearning. Sixty primary enuretic children and their parents attended 1-hour group training sessions and implemented treatment in the home. Each case required 15 minutes of professional time, and net cost to each family was $50. Forty-eight (81%) achieved initial arrest of bedwetting and only 11 (24%) relapsed at 1-year follow-up. Significant association between relapse and prior treatment failure with imipramine was noted. The outcome was found to compare favorably with previous treatments that required more professional time.