Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 513–519

A delivery system for the treatment of primary enuresis


  • Arthur C. Houts
    • Memphis State University
  • Robert M. Liebert
    • State University of New York at Stony Brook
  • Wendy Padawer
    • State University of New York at Stony Brook

DOI: 10.1007/BF00917080

Cite this article as:
Houts, A.C., Liebert, R.M. & Padawer, W. J Abnorm Child Psychol (1983) 11: 513. doi:10.1007/BF00917080


To illustrate how to deliver underutilized psychological treatments, a comprehensive, low-cost treatment for primary enuresis was developed consisting of bell-and-pad training, cleanliness training, retention control, and overlearning. Sixty primary enuretic children and their parents attended 1-hour group training sessions and implemented treatment in the home. Each case required 15 minutes of professional time, and net cost to each family was $50. Forty-eight (81%) achieved initial arrest of bedwetting and only 11 (24%) relapsed at 1-year follow-up. Significant association between relapse and prior treatment failure with imipramine was noted. The outcome was found to compare favorably with previous treatments that required more professional time.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1983