Original Articles


, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 363-375

First online:

Demonstration of specific receptors for fluoresceinated casein on human neutrophils and monocytes using flow cytometry

  • Sharon L. LewisAffiliated withDepartments of Medicine and Pathology, The University of New Mexico
  • , Dennis E. Van EppsAffiliated withDepartments of Medicine and Pathology, The University of New Mexico

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


-Casein is chemotactic for human neutrophils (PMNs) and monocytes. The binding of fluorescein (FITC) -conjugated casein (mixture ofα,β,and κ- casein) and purifiedα-casein to PMNs, monocytes, and lymphocytes was analyzed using flow cytometry. These studies demonstrate that 75–95% of PMNs and 46–85% of monocytes have membrane receptors for casein while lymphocytes lack these receptors. The binding of FITC-casein and FITC-α-casein was specific and was blocked only by unlabeled casein andα-casein, but not by ovalbumin, bovine or human serum albumin,β-casomorphin, C5a, or formyl-methionyl-leucylphenylalanine (fMLP). The binding of FITC-casein was reversible when PMNs were stained with this fluorescent agent and subsequently incubated with unlabeled casein. Double-labeling studies of mononuclear cells using FITC-casein and the OKM1 monoclonal antibody in conjunction with a rhodamine conjugated anti-Ig second antibody demonstrate that mononuclear cells binding FITC-casein also stain with the OKM1 monoclonal antibody, indicating a specificity for monocytes.