Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 14, Issue 5, pp 429–451

AIDS-related health behavior: Coping, protection motivation, and previous behavior

  • Frank W. Van der Velde
  • Joop Van der Pligt

DOI: 10.1007/BF00845103

Cite this article as:
Van der Velde, F.W. & Van der Pligt, J. J Behav Med (1991) 14: 429. doi:10.1007/BF00845103


The purpose of this study was to examine Rogers' protection motivation theory and aspects of Janis and Mann's conflict theory in the context of AIDS-related health behavior. Subjects were 84 heterosexual men and women and 147 homosexual men with multiple sexual partners; LISREL's path-analysis techniques were used to evaluate the goodness of fit of the structural equation models. Protection motivation theory did fit the data but had considerably more explanatory power for heterosexual than for homosexual subjects (49 vs. 22%, respectively). When coping styles were added, different patterns of findings were found among both groups. Adding variables such as social norms and previous behavior increased the explained variance to 73% for heterosexual subjects and to 44% for homosexual subjects. It was concluded that although protection motivation theory did fit the data fairly adequately, expanding the theory with other variables-especially those related to previous behavior-could improve our understanding of AIDS-related health behavior.

Key words

AIDSprotection motivationcopingheterosexualshomosexuals

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank W. Van der Velde
    • 1
  • Joop Van der Pligt
    • 1
  1. 1.University of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Public HealthMunicipal Health Service of AmsterdamWT AmsterdamThe Netherlands