, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 350–353

Interactions between tussock grass (Poa spp.) and Eucalyptus pauciflora seedlings near treeline in South-Eastern Australia

  • I. R. Noble

DOI: 10.1007/BF00540204

Cite this article as:
Noble, I.R. Oecologia (1980) 45: 350. doi:10.1007/BF00540204


Observations of tussock grasses (mainly Poa species) and tree seedlings (Eucalyptus pauciflora) growing near treeline suggested that the tussocks may physically protect and compete with the tree seedlings. An analysis of nearest neighbour data from sites burnt in 1972–3 showed the there is a minimum separation between seedlings and tussocks, indicating that competition is taking place. Correlation and principal components analyses show that seedlings growing close to tussocks tend to be taller, with fewer stems and leaves than those growing further away. This same trend from tall, few-stemmed individuals to shorter multistemmed individuals also occurs with an increase in altitude. It is concluded that the trend in habit is related to exposure to environmental extremes. The concept of the regeneration niche and its application to E. pauciflora seedlings is discussed.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. R. Noble
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Biology, Research School of Biological SciencesAustralian National UniversityCanberra City