, Volume 56, Issue 3, pp 249-258

Thermal equilibrium concentrations and effects of negatively charged Ga vacancies in n-type GaAs

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Abstract

We have calculated the thermal equilibrium concentrations of the various negatively charged Ga vacancy species in GaAs. The triply-negatively-charged Ga vacancy, V Ga 3− , has been emphasized, since it dominates Ga self-diffusion and Ga-Al interdiffusion under intrinsic and n-doping conditions, as well as the diffusion of Si donor atoms occupying Ga sites. Under strong n-doping conditions, the thermal equilibrium V Ga 3− concentration, \(C_{V_{_{Ga} }^{3 - } }^{eq} (n)\) , has been found to exhibit a temperature independence or a negative temperature dependence, i.e., the \(C_{V_{_{Ga} }^{3 - } }^{eq} (n)\) value is either unchanged or increases as the temperature is lowered. This is quite contrary to the normal point defect behavior for which the point defect thermal equilibrium concentration decreases as the temperature is lowered. This \(C_{V_{_{Ga} }^{3 - } }^{eq} (n)\) property provides explanations to a number of outstanding experimental results, either requiring the interpretation that V Ga 3− has attained its thermal equilibrium concentration at the onset of each experiment, or requiring mechanisms involving point defect non-equilibrium phenomena.