Part IV Modeling Carbon Fluxes

Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 64, Issue 1, pp 327-344

Changes in C storage by terrestrial ecosystems: How C-N interactions restrict responses to CO2 and temperature

  • E. B. RastetterAffiliated withMarine Biological Laboratory, The Ecosystems Center
  • , R. B. McKANEAffiliated withMarine Biological Laboratory, The Ecosystems Center
  • , G. R. ShaverAffiliated withMarine Biological Laboratory, The Ecosystems Center
  • , J. M. MelilloAffiliated withMarine Biological Laboratory, The Ecosystems Center

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Abstract

A general model of ecosystem biogeochemistry was used to examine the responses of arctic tundra and temperate hardwood forests to a doubling of CO2 concentration and to a 5°C increase in average growing season temperature. The amount of C stored in both ecosystems increased with both increased CO2 and temperature. Under increased CO2, the increase in C storage was due to increases in the C∶N ratio of both vegetation and soils. Under increased temperature, the increased C storage in the forest was due to a shift in N from soils (with low C∶N ratios) to vegetation (with high C∶N ratios). In the tundra, both a shift in N from soils to vegetation and an increase in C∶N ratios contributed to increased C storage under higher temperatures. Neither ecosystem sequestered N from external sources because the supply rate was low.