Applied Scientific Research

, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp 339-352

First online:

A numerical study of laminar axisymmetric plumes due to the combined buoyancy of heat and mass diffusion

  • D. AngirasaAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science
  • , P. K. SarmaAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Andhra University

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This paper presents the results of a computational study of laminar axisymmetric plumes generated by the simultaneous diffusion of thermal energy and chemical species. Species concentrations are assumed small. The plume is treated as a boundary layer. Boussinesq approximations are incorporated and the governing conservation equations of mass, momentum, energy and species are suitably non-dimensionalised. These equations are solved using one time-step-forward explicit finite-difference method. Upwind differencing is employed for convective terms. The results thus obtained are explained in terms of the basic physical mechanisms that govern these flows. They show many interesting aspects of the complex interaction of the two buoyant mechanisms.