European Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 134, Issue 3, pp 195–200

The Acardiac Monster


  • R. Lachman
    • Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
  • M. McNabb
    • Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
  • M. Furmanski
    • Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
  • L. Karp
    • Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
Original Investigations

DOI: 10.1007/BF00441472

Cite this article as:
Lachman, R., McNabb, M., Furmanski, M. et al. Eur J Pediatr (1980) 134: 195. doi:10.1007/BF00441472


Two cases of acardiac fetuses are presented. Pathological data in 61 cases are tabulated. Classification, terminology and patho-physiological findings are discussed.

The Acardiac Monster is a form of monozygotic multiple gestation lacking a physiological heart and resulting in a bizarre fetal malformation which is sustained in utero by parasitic anastomoses to the circulation of a normal twin fetus. The precise etiology of this phenomenon is still obscure and suggestions are made for the future evaluation of the acardiac fetus.

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© Springer-Verlag 1980