, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 44-48

First online:

Brain damage in former association football players

An evaluation by cerebral computed tomography
  • O. SortlandAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, Section of Neuroradiology, National Hospital, University ClinicDepartment of Radiology, Akershus Central Hospital
  • , A. T. TysvaerAffiliated withDepartment of Neurosurgery, National Hospital, University Clinic

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Thirty-three former football players from the National Football Team of Norway were examined by cerebral computer tomography (CT). The CT studies, evaluated for brain atrophy, visually and by linear measurements compared two different normal materials. One third of the players were found to have central cerebral atrophy. It is concluded that the atrophy probably was caused by repeated small head injuries during the football play, mainly in connection with heading the ball.

Key words

Association football Minor head trauma Computed tomography Cerebral central and cortical atrophy