Infant clothing: Sex labeling for strangers
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Labeling an infant as a boy or girl affects behavior toward the infant. While intimates know a baby's sex label and behave consistently to the baby, strangers cannot unless given a cue. Forty-eight infants and their caretakers were observed in suburban malls to see if clothing normally provides such cues; 90% of the infants were dressed in sex-typed clothes. Girls wore or carried pink (75%), yellow, ruffles, puffed sleeves, and/or dresses. Boys wore blue (79%) and/or red. Observers were able to correctly guess the sex of “labeled” infants only. Surprisingly, simultaneous caretaker interviews revealed that parents do not spontaneously mention sex as a factor in clothing choice, nor do they feel they would be very bothered by strangers' mistaking the infant's sex.
- Brooks, J., & Lewis, M. Attachment behaviors in thirteen-month-old, opposite-sex twins. Child Development, 1974, 45, 243–247.
- Condry, S. M., Condry, J. C., Jr., & Pogatshnik, L. W. Sex differences: A study of the ear of the beholder. Sex Roles, 1983, 9, 697–704.
- Culp, R. E., Cook, A. S., & Housley, P. C. A comparison of observed and reported adultinfant interactions: Effects of perceived sex. Sex Roles, 1983, 9, 475–479.
- Fagot, B. I. The influence of sex of child on parental reactions to toddler children. Child Development, 1978, 49, 459–465.
- Frisch, H. L. Sex stereotypes in adult-infant play. Child Development, 1977, 48, 1671–1675.
- Goldberg, S., & Lewis, M. Play behavior in the year-old infant: Early sex differences. Child Development, 1969, 40, 21–31.
- Haugh, S. S., Hoffman, C. D., & Cowan, G. The eye of the very young beholder: Sex typing of infants by young children. Child Development, 1980, 51, 598–600.
- Rothbart, M. K., & Maccoby, E. E. Parents' differential reactions to sons and daughters. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1966, 4, 237–243.
- Rubin, J., Provenzano, F., & Luria, Z. The eye of the beholder: Parents' views on sex of newborns. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1974, 44, 512–519.
- Seavey, C. A., Katz, P. A., & Zalk, S. R. Baby X: The effects of gender labels on adult responses to infants. Sex Roles, 1975, 1, 103–109.
- Serbin, L. A., O'Leary, K. D., Kent, R. N., & Tonick, I. J. A comparison of teacher response to the preacademic and problem behavior of boys and girls. Child Development, 1973, 44, 796–804.
- Smith, C., & Lloyd, B. Maternal behavior and perceived sex of infant: Revisited. Child Development, 1978, 49, 1263–1265.
- Smith, K. E., & Barclay, L. K. Kindergarten children's descriptive sex-stereotyping of infants. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1979, 49, 514–517.
- Wallston, B. S., Devellis, B. M., & Wallston, K. Licensed practical nurses' sex role stereotypes. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 1983, 7, 199–208.
- Will, J. A., Self, P., & Datan, N. Maternal behavior and perceived sex of infant. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1976, 46, 135–139.
- Infant clothing: Sex labeling for strangers
Volume 12, Issue 9-10 , pp 955-964
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors