Brief Reports

European Journal of Epidemiology

, Volume 9, Issue 5, pp 566-569

Prevalence and incidence of hepatitis C virus infection among male prison inmates in Maryland

  • D. VlahovAffiliated withDepartment of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public HealthDivision of Infectious Diseases, The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
  • , K. E. NelsonAffiliated withDepartment of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public HealthDivision of Infectious Diseases, The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
  • , T. C. QuinnAffiliated withDivision of Infectious Diseases, The Johns Hopkins School of MedicineLaboratory of Immunoregulation, The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
  • , N. KendigAffiliated withDivision of Infectious Diseases, The Johns Hopkins School of MedicineLaboratory of Immunoregulation, The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

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Abstract

To identify incidence of antibody to hepatitis C virus among 265 male prison inmates, we assayed paired serum specimens obtained at intake in 1985–1986 with follow-up specimens in 1987. Intake prevalence was 38 percent. Seroincidence was 1.1/100 person years in prison. This finding might reflect saturation of high-risk subgroups or possibly reduced frequency of exposures following incarceration.

Key words

Hepatitis C virus Human immunodeficiency virus Substance abuse