The subsistence crisis and migration in the Sahelian Zone of the Sudan —
- Dr., Assoc. Prof. Abdel Hamid M. A. Bakhit
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Burush is a small village in the N Sahelian Zone of the Sudan, whose population are basically sedentary agriculturists. The recurring drought conditions of the last two decades have significantly influenced the local resource base, so that the subsistence of the majority of the households was highly challenged. Nevertheless, the people are still surviving and resisting. The explanation of this resistence can be sought in the endogenous coping mechanisms adopted by the people. One of these mechanisms is migration, especially the seasonal labour migration of the heads and grown-up members of households, which used, even in good years, to be highly integrated in the strategies of survival of the majority of households. However under the recurring crop failures and the growing competition in the seasonal labour opportunities, this seasonal migration is changing gradually into stays of longer duration in the traditional destinations of seasonal labour. On the other hand, the male members of households are actively involved in migration of long duration, especially into the urban centres. Yet, the constributions of these migrant members to the subsistence of their households are limited, because of the rising costs of living in uurban centres as compared with the incomes. The rehabilitation of Burush lies obviously in the development of long-term strategies which aim at strengthening the endogenous resilience mechanisms.
- Holy, L.: Economic Strategy and Household Viability in a Dry Savannah Agricultural Society: Berti of Darfur. In: Mohamed Salih (ed.): Agrarian Change in the Central Rainlands: Sudan. A Socio-Economic Analysis. Scand. Inst. of Afric. Studies, Uppsala 1987.
- Ibrahim, F. N.: Ecological Imbalance in the Republic of the Sudan, with Reference to Desertification in Darfur. Bayreuther Geowissenschaftliche Arbeiten, Band 6, Bayreuth 1984.
- Ibrahim, F. N.; Ruppert, H. (ed.): Rural-Urban Migration and Identity Change: Case Studies from the Sudan. Bayreuther Geowissenschaftliche Arbeiten, Bayreuth 1988.
- Ibrahim, F. N.: The Third Famine Disaster in the Sudan within Two Decades — A Case Study of the Situation in the Village of Burush, Darfur. In: Sudan: Environment and People. Second International Sudan Studies, Conference Papers, Durham University, Durham 1991.
- Ibrahim, F. N.: The Exchange of Livestock and Grain and Their Role in Enhancing Vulnerability to Famine in the Semi-Arid Zone of the Sudan. In: Bohle H. G. et al. (eds.): Famine and Food Security in Africa and Asia: Indigenous Response and External Intervention to Avoid Hunger. Bayreuther Geowissenschaftliche Arbeiten 15, Bayreuth 1991.
- Mortimore, M.: Adapting to Drought: Farmers, Famines and Desertification in West Africa. Camb. Uni. Press, Cambridge 1989.
- The subsistence crisis and migration in the Sahelian Zone of the Sudan —
Volume 25, Issue 1 , pp 39-45
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Geography, University of Khartoum, POB 321, Khartoum, Rep. of Sudan