The role of biomarkers in environmental assessment (2). Invertebrates
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The potential use of biomarkers in ecological risk assessment is explored. The biomarker concept, initially developed to form a basis for studies at the individual/population level, is extended to include community and ecosystem level studies. A strategy is outlined in which biomarkers might be used to assess chemical exposureand the cumulative, adverse effects of toxicants on biotain situ. Protocols for identifying communities, species and populations most at risk are described. The role of biomarkers in the evaluation of the effectiveness of remedial action to alleviate pollution is discussed. It is proposed that, in addition to biomarker measurements on samples obtained from organisms at field sites, biomarker screening tests should be initiated in the laboratory with a range of new chemicals and organisms relevant to the field sites thought to be at risk. This will help to establish links between laboratory-based testing and adverse effectsin situ.
- Barnes, R.D. (1968)Invertebrate Zoology, Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders.
- Benson, W.H., Baer, K.N. and Watson, C.F. (1990) Metallothionein as a biomarker of environmental metal contamination. In McCarthy, J.F. and Shugart, L.R. eds.Biomarkers of environmental contamination, pp. 255–65. Boca Raton, FL: Lewis.
- Cairns, J.Jr (1977) Quantification of biological integrity. In Ballantine, R.K. and Guarrio, L.J. eds.Integrity of water, pp. 171–87. Washington, DC: US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water and Hazardous Materials.
- Cairns, J.Jr (1983) Are single species tests alone adequate for estimating environmental hazard?Hydrobiologia 100, 47–57.
- Cairns, J.Jr (1986) The case for direct measurement of environmental responses to hazardous materials.Water Res. Bull. 22, 841–2.
- Cairns, J.Jr and McCormick, P.V. (1992) Developing and ecosystem-based capability for ecological risk assessments.Environ. Profession. 14, 186–96.
- Depledge, M.H. (1984) Disruption of circulatory and respiratory activity in shore crabs (Carcinus maenas, (L.)) exposed to heavy metal pollution.Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 78C, 445–59.
- Depledge, M.H. (1989) The rational basis for detection of the early effects of marine pollution using physiological indicators.Ambio 18, 301–2.
- Depledge, M.H. (1990) New approaches in ecotoxicology: can inter-individual physiological variability be used as a tool to investigate pollution effects?Ambio 19, 251–2.
- Depledge, M.H. (1992) Conceptual paradigms in marine ecotoxicology. In Bjornstad, E., Hagerman, L. and Jense, K. eds.Proceedings of the 12th Baltic Marine Biologists Symposium, pp. 47–52. Fredensborg, Denmark: Olsen & Olsen.
- Depledge, M.H. (1993) The rational basis for the use of biomarkers as ecotoxicological tools. In Fossi, M.C. and Leonzio, C. eds.Nondestructive biomarkers in vertebrates, pp. 261–85. FL: Lewis.
- Depledge, M.H., Amaral-Medes, J.J., Daniel, B., Halbrook, R., Kloepper-Sams, P., Moore, M.N. and Peakall, D.B. (1992) The conceptual basis of the biomarker approach. In Peakall, D.B. and Shugart, L.R. eds.Biomarkers: research and application in the assessment of environmental health, NATO ASI Series H:Cell Biology, Vol. 68, pp. 15–29. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.
- Fava, J., Consoli, F., Denison, R., Dickson, K., Mohin, T. and Vigon, B. (1993)A Conceptual Framework for Life-cycle Assessment. Florida: SETAC Foundation for Environmental Education.
- Fossi, C. and Leonzio, C. (1993)Nondestructive biomarkers in Vertebrates. Boca Raton, FL: Lewis.
- Giesy, J.P., Versteeg, D. and Graney, R. (1988) A review of selected clinical indicators of stress-induced changes in aquatic organisms. In Evans, M.S. eds.Toxic contaminants and ecosystem health; a Great Lakes focus, pp. 169–200. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
- Harwell, M.A., Cropper, W.P. and Ragsdale, H.L. (1978) Nutrient cycling and stability: a reevaluation.Ecology 58, 600–6.
- Kelly, J.R. and Harwell, M.A. (1989) Indicators of ecosystem response and recovery. In Levin, S.A., Harwell, M.A., Kelly, J.R. and Kendall, K.P. eds. pp. 9–35. New York: Springer-Verlag.
- Kimball, K.D. and Levins, S.A. (1985) Limitations to laboratory bioassays: the need for ecosystem-level testing.Bioscience 35, 165–71.
- Levine, S.N. (1989) Theoretical and methodological reasons for variability in the response of aquatic ecosystem processes to chemical stresses. In Levin, S., Harwell, M.A., Kelly, J.R. and Kimball, K.D. eds.Ecotoxicology: problems and approaches, pp. 145–80. New York: Springer Verlag.
- Livingstone, D.R. (1991) Organic xenobiotic metabolism in marine invertebrates. I Gilles, R. ed.Advances in comparative and environmental physiology, Vol. 7, pp. 45–185. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.
- McCarthy, J.F. and Shugart, L.R. (eds) (1990)Biomarkers of Environmental Contamination. Boca Raton, FL: Lewis.
- Mance, G. (1987)Pollution Threat of Heavy Metals in Aquatic Environments. London: Elsevier Applied Science.
- Maugh, T.H. (1978) Chemicals: how many are there?Science 199, 162.
- Mayer, F.L., Versteeg, D.J., McKee, M.J., Folmar, L.C., Graney, R.L., McCume, D.C. and Ratner, B.A. (1992) Huggert, R.J., Kimerle, R.A., Mehrle, P.M. and Bergman, L.H. eds.Biomarkers: biochemical, physiological and histological markers of anthropogenic stress, pp. 5–85. FL: Lewis.
- NRC (National Research Council) (1987) Committee on biological markers.Environ. Health Perspect. 74, 3–9.
- NRC (Nuclear Regulatory Commission) (1989)Biologic Markers in Reproductive Toxicology. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
- Peakall, D.B. (1992)Animal Biomarkers as Pollution Indicators. London: Chapman & Hall.
- Peakall, D.B. and Shugart, L.R. (1992)Biomarkers: Research and Application in the Assessment of Environmental Health. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.
- Phillips, D.J.H. (1980)Quantitative Aquatic Biological Indicators. London: Applied Science Publishers.
- Ryder, R.A. and Edwards, C.J. (1985) A conceptual approach for the application of biological indicators of ecosystem quality in the Great Lakes Basin. InReport to the Great Lakes Science Advisory Board. Windsor, Canada.
- Stegeman, J.J., Brouwer, M., DiGuilio, R.T., Forlin, L., Fowler, B.A., Sanders, B.M. and Van, Veld, P.A. (1992) Molecular responses to environmental contamination: enzyme and protein systems as indicators of chemical exposure and effect. In Huggett, R.J., Kimerle, R.A., Mehrle, P.M. and Bergman, H.L. eds.Biomarkers: biochemical, physiological and histological markers of anthropogenic stress, pp. 235–335. Boca Raton, FL: Lewis.
- Suter, G.W. (1990) Endpoints for regional ecological risk assessments.Environ. Mange. 14, 9–23.
- Webster, J.R., Waide, J.B. and Patten, B.C. (1975) Nutrient cycling and the stability of ecosystems. In Howell, F.G., Gentry, J.B. and Smith, M.H. eds.Mineral cycling in southeastern ecosystems, Springfield, VA: ERDA.
- The role of biomarkers in environmental assessment (2). Invertebrates
Volume 3, Issue 3 , pp 161-172
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- environmental assessment
- community level
- ecosystem level
- Industry Sectors