Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 89–105

Karité (Vitellaria paradoxa) and néré (Parkia biglobosa) associated with crops in South Mali

  • L. J. M. Kater
  • S. Kante
  • A. Budelman

DOI: 10.1007/BF00115407

Cite this article as:
Kater, L.J.M., Kante, S. & Budelman, A. Agroforest Syst (1992) 18: 89. doi:10.1007/BF00115407


The effect of two tree species, karité (Vitellaria paradoxa) and néré (Parkia biglobosa) on soil condition, development and production of cotton, sorghum and pearl millet, main crops in South Mali, has been investigated.

The soil under the trees is slightly richer (organic matter content and several cations) compared to adjacent tree-less sites. Also tree-specific effects exist.

Soil enrichment, however, is mainly a matter of redistribution of locally available nutrient resources.

Of the six associations studied, only karité-cotton shows no tree-induced reduction in crop production. All other associations suffer greatly from reduced crop outputs caused by the trees, usually in the order of 60%.

There are at least two reasons that explain tree-induced yield reduction. Because of increased humidity in the immediate surroundings of trees, in both soil and air, lower numbers of crop plants survive up to maturity, presumably because plants are attacked by fungi. Secondly, crop plants that mature show reduced output because of inter-specific competition for light and nutrients.

In case of néré, in order to minimize the trees' negative influence lopping is advised. Such practice, however, is less suitable in case of karité, because of its assumed lower potential to regenerate, as compared to néré.

Key words

South MaliWest Africatree/crop interfaceVitellaria paradoxaButyrospermum paradoxumParkia biglobosacottonsorghumpearl millet

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. J. M. Kater
    • 1
  • S. Kante
    • 1
  • A. Budelman
    • 2
  1. 1.Division de Recherche sur les Systémes de Production RuraleSikassoMali
  2. 2.Agricultural DevelopmentDepartment of the Royal Tropical InstituteAmsterdamThe Netherlands