On the definition of ecological species groups in tropical rain forests
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
The species richness of tropical rain forests creates difficulties for ecological analysis. It may usefully be simplified by defining ecological species groups whose members share characteristics of importance for determining forest structure and composition. Many such classifications have been published, but few are properly explained. The terminology is confused from lack of precise definitions. We propose a simple division of tree species into two groups or guilds, pioneer and non-pioneer (or climax), based on seed germination and seedling establishment. Within each guild there is continuous variation and we recommend arbitrary subdivision by height at maturity. We believe this classification to be applicable in all tropical rain forests.
- Baker F. S. 1950. Principles of silviculture. McGraw Hill, New York.
- Baker H. B. 1964. Characteristics and modes of origin of weeds. In: Baker H. G. & Stebbins G. L. (eds), The genetics of colonizing species. Academic Press, London.
- Bazzaz F. A. & Pickett S. T. A. 1980. Physiological ecology of tropical succession: a comparative review. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 11: 287–310.
- Boojh R. & Ramakrishnan P. S. 1982. Growth strategy of trees related to successional status I, II. For. Ecol. Manage. 4: 359–374, 375–386.
- Brokaw N. R. 1985. Treefalls, regrowth and community structure in tropical forests. In: Pickett S. T. A. & White P. S. (eds), The ecology of natural disturbance and patch dynamics. Academic, New York.
- Budowski G. 1955. Distribution of tropical American rain forest species in the light of successional processes. Turrialba 15: 40–42.
- Coley P. D. 1983. Herbivory and defensive characteristics of tree species in a lowland tropical forest. Ecol. Monogr. 53: 209–233.
- Cousens J. 1974. An introduction to woodland ecology. Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh.
- Denslow J. S. 1987. Tropical rain forest gaps and tree species diversity. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 18: 431–451.
- Graham S. A., 1954. Scoring tolerance of forest trees. Michigan Forestry 4, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
- Hall J. B. & Swaine M. D. 1980. Seed stocks in Ghanaian forest soils. Biotropica 12: 256–263.
- Hall J. B. & Swaine M. D. 1981. Distribution and ecology of vascular plants in a tropical rain forest. Junk, The Hague.
- Hartshorn G. S. 1978. Tree falls and tropical forest dynamics. In: Tomlinson P. B. & Zimmerman M. H. (eds), Tropical trees as living systems, University Press, Cambridge.
- Jones E. W. 1955–1956. Ecological studies on the rain forest of southern Nigeria. IV. The plateau forest of the Okomu forest reserve. J. Ecol. 43: 564–594; 44: 83–117.
- Koyama H. 1978. Photosynthesis studies in Pasoh forest reserve. Malay. Nat. J. 30: 253–278.
- MacArthur R. H. & Wilson E. O. 1967. The theory of island biogeography. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.
- Ng F. S. P. (ed.) 1978. Tree flora of Malaya, Vol. 3. Longman, Kuala Lumpur.
- Oberbauer F. S. & Strain B. R. 1984. Photosynthesis and successional status of Costa Rican rain forest trees. Photosyn. Res. 5: 227–232.
- Oldeman, R. A. A. 1974. L'architecture de la forêt guyanaise. Memoires ORSTOM 73.
- Oldeman R. A. A. 1978. Architecture and energy exchange of dicotyledonous trees in the forest. In: Tomlinson P. B. & Zimmerman M. H. (eds), Tropical trees as living systems. University Press, Cambridge.
- Raunkiaer C. 1934. The life-forms of plants and statistical plant geography. Oxford University Press, London.
- Roberts E. H. 1973. Predicting the storage life of seeds. Seed Science and Technology 1, 499–514.
- Shukla R. P. & Ramakrishnan P. S. 1986. Architecture and growth strategies of tropical trees in relation to successional status. J. Ecol. 74: 33–46.
- Swaine M. D. & Hall J. B. 1983. Early succession on cleared forest land in Ghana. J. Ecol. 71: 601–627.
- Van Steenis C. G. G. J. 1958. Rejuvenation as a factor for judging the status of vegetation types. The biological nomal theory. In: Proceedings of the symposium on humid tropics vegetation, Kandy. UNESCO, Paris.
- Vazquez-Yanes C. & Orozco-Segovia A. 1984. Ecophysiology of seed germination. In: Medina E. et al. (eds), Physiological ecology of plants of the wet tropics. Junk, The Hague.
- Watt A. S. 1947. Pattern and process in the plant community. J. Ecol. 35: 1–22.
- Whitmore T. C. (ed.) 1972, 1973. Tree Flora of Malaya, Vols 1, 2. Longman, Kuala Lumpur.
- Whitmore T. C. 1975. Tropical rain forests of the Far East. Clarendon, Oxford.
- Whitmore T. C. 1978. Gaps in the forest canopy. In: Tomlinson P. B. & Zimmerman M. H. (eds), Tropical trees as living systems. University Press, Cambridge.
- Whitmore T. C. 1982. On pattern and process in forests. In: Newman E. I. (ed.), The plant community as a working mechanism. Blackwell, Oxford.
- Whitmore T. C. 1983. Secondary succession from seed in tropical rain forests. For. Abstr. 44: 767–779.
- Whitney G. G. 1976. The bifurcation ratio as an indicator of adaptive strategy in wood/plant species. Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 103: 67–72.
- On the definition of ecological species groups in tropical rain forests
Volume 75, Issue 1-2 , pp 81-86
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Canopy gap
- Climax species
- Ploneer species
- Seedling establishment
- Species guild