A laboratory study on the thermal tolerance of four southeastern stream insect species (Trichoptera, Ephemeroptera)
Received: 21 January 1980 DOI:
Cite this article as: deKozlowski, S.J. & Bunting, D.L. Hydrobiologia (1981) 79: 141. doi:10.1007/BF00006121 Abstract
The acute thermal tolerances of four southeastern stream insect species,
Ephemerella invaria (Walker), Stenonema ithaca (Clemens and Leonard), Symphitopsyche morosa (Hagun), and Brachycentrus lateralis (Say) were determined using an artificial stream enclosure. All species were acclimated at 10°C for 72 hours prior to instantaneous immersion into heated water for 96 hours. Percent mortality was recorded and the temperature at which 50% mortality occurred determined (LT5o). Data were subjected to standard statistical analysis.
Thermal tolerance values were compared between species tested and to results from previous investigations using similar methodologies. The evolution and life histories of these species were also discussed in relation to their thermal tolerance values.
Keywords Thermal tolerance temperature benthic insects Trichoptera Ephemeroptera References
Coutant, C. C. 1962. The effect of a heated water effluent upon the macroinvertebrate fauna of the Delaware River. Proc. Pennsylvania Acad. Sci. 36: 58–71.
Garten, C. T. & Gentry, J. B. 1976. Thermal tolerance of dragonfly nymphs. II. Comparison of nymphs from control and thermally altered environments. Physiological Zoology 49: 206–213.
Gaufin, A. R. & Hern, S. 1971. Laboratory studies on tolerance of aquatic insects to heated waters. J. Kansas Ent. Soc. 44 (2): 240–245.
Gibbons, J. W., Sharitz, R. R., Howell, F. G. & Smith, M. H. 1975. The ecology of artificially heated streams, swamps, and reservoirs on the Savannah River plant: the thermal studies program of the Savannah River Ecology Laboratory. Pages 389–400 in: Environmental effects of cooling systems at nuclear power plants. Int. Atomic Energy Agency, IAEASM-187/13.
Gregg, B. B. 1974. The effects of chlorine and heat on selected stream invertebrates. Ph.D. Thesis. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
Heiman, D. R. & Knight, A. W. 1972. Upper-lethal temperature relations of the nymphs of the stonefly, Paragnetina media. Hydrobiologia 39 (4): 479–493.
Langford, T. E. 1971. The distribution, abundance, and life-histories of stoneflies (Plecoptera) and mayflies (Ephemeroptera) in a British river, warmed by cooling-water from a power station. Hydrobiologia 38 (2): 339–377.
Nebeker, A. V. & Lemke, A. 1968. Preliminary studies on the tolerance of aquatic insects to heated waters. J. Kansas Entom. Soc. 41 (3): 413–418.
Roback, S. S. 1965. Environmental requirements of Trichoptera. Pages 118–126 in: Proceedings of Third Seminar on Biological Problems in Water Pollution. C. M. Tarzwell (ed.). USPHS Publ. No. 999-WP-25.
Sage, L. E. 1974. Thermal requirements of the Trichopteran nymph Hydropsyche from the Delaware River. Ph.D. Thesis. Lehigh University.
Schuster, G. A. & Etnier, D. A. 1978. A manual for the identification of the larvae of the caddisfly genera Hydropsyche Pictet and Symphitopsyche Ulmer in eastern and central North America (Trichoptera: Hydropsychidae). EPA-600/4–78–060. 129 pp.
Schuster, G. In manuscript. Morphological evidence supporting the genetic status of Symphitopsyche with ecological observations (Trichoptera: Hydropsychidae).
Trembley, F. J. 1960. Research project on effects of condenser discharge water on aquatic life 1956–1959. Inst. Res., Lehigh University. 160 pp.
Trembley, F. J. 1961. Research project on effects of condenser discharge on aquatic life. Inst. Res., Lehigh University Progr. Report 1960.
© Dr W. Junk Publishers 1981