Allen, G.R. 1980. Butterflyfishes and angelfishes of the world. Vol 2, Wiley, New York, 352 pp.
Ballard, J. 1970. Aquarium briefs — mating in captivity. Bull. South Afr. Assoc. Mar. Biol. Res. 8: 31–33.
Bauer, J.A. & S.E. Bauer. 1981. Reproductive biology of pigmy angelfishes of the genus Centropyge (Pomacanthidae). Bull. Mar. Sci. 31: 495–513.
Bauer, J.A. & G. Klaij. 1974. Pygmy angels spawn. Octopus 1: 7–18.
Böhlke, J.E. & C.C.G. Chaplin. 1968. Fishes of the Bahamas and adjacent tropical waters. Livingston, Wynnewood. 771 pp.
Bruce, R.W. 1980. Protogynous hermaphroditism in two marine angelfishes. Copeia 1980: 353–355.
Chalker, B.E. & R.E. Thresher. 1980. The multitudinous reef. Sea Frontiers 26: 66–77.
Colin, P.L. & I. Clavijo. 1978. Mass spawning by the spotted goatfish, Pseudupeneus maculates (Bloch) (Pisces: Mullidae). Bull. Mar. Sci. 28: 780–782.
Emlen, S.T. & S.W. Oring. 1977. Ecology, sexual selection, and the evolution of mating systems. Science 197: 215–223.
Feddern, H.A. 1968. Hybridization between the western Atlantic angelfishes, Holacanthus isabelita and H. ciliaris. Bull. Mar. Sci. 18: 351–382.
Fricke, H.W. & S. Fricke. 1977. Monogamy and sex change by aggressive dominance in coral reef fish. Nature 266; 830–832.
Hobson, E.S. 1968. Predatory behavior of some shore fishes in the Gulf of California. U.S. Dept. Inter. Fish. Wildl. Serv., Bur. Sport Fish. Wildl. Res. Rpt. 73: 1–92.
Johannes, R.E. 1978. Reproductive strategies of coastal marine fishes in the tropics. Env. Biol. Fish. 3: 65–84.
Lobel, P.S. 1974. Another pygmy angel spawns. Octopus 1: 24.
Lobel, P.S. 1975. Hawaiian angelfishes. Mar. Aquarist 6: 30–41.
Lobel, P.S. 1978. Diel, lunar, and seasonal periodicity in the reproductive behavior of a pomacanthid fish, Centropyge potteri, and some other reef fishes in Hawaii. Pac. Sci. 32: 193–207.
Mann, R.H.K. & C.A. Mills. 1979. Demographic aspects of fish fecundity. pp. 161–177. In: P.J. Miller (ed.) Fish Phenology, Symp. Zool. Soc. London 44, Academic Press, London.
Moe, M.A. 1976. Rearing Atlantic angelfish. Mar. Aquarist 7: 17–26.
Moyer, J.T. 1981. Interspecific spawning of the pygmy angelfishes Centropyge shepardi and Centropyge bispinosus at Guam. Micronesica 17: 119–124.
Moyer, J.T. & A. Nakazono. 1978. Population structure, reproductive behavior and protogynous hermaphroditism in the angelfish Centropyge interruptus at Miyake-jima, Japan. Japan. J. Ichthyol. 25: 25–39.
Randall, J.E. 1961. Observations on the spawning of the surgeonfish (Acanthuridae) of the Society Islands. Copeia 1961: 237–238.
Randall, J.E. 1975. A revision of the Indo-Pacific angelfish genus Genicanthus, with descriptions of three new species. Bull. Mar. Sci. 25: 393–421.
Randall, J.E. & H.A. Randall. 1963. The spawning and early development of the Atlantic parrotfish, Sparisoma rubripinne, with notes on other scarid and labrid fishes. Zoologica (N.Y.) 48: 49–60.
Randall, J.E. & F. Yasuda. 1979. Centropyge shepardi, a new angelfish from the Mariana and Ogasawara Islands. Japan. J. Ichthyol. 26: 55–61.
Robertson, D.R. & S. Hoffman. 1977. The role of female mate choice and predation in the mating systems of tropical labroid fishes. Z. Tierpsychol. 45: 298–320.
Robins, C.R. 1971. Distributional patterns of fishes from coastal and shelf waters of the tropical western Atlantic. Symp. Invest. Resources. Caribb. Sea Adj. Regions. FAO Paper on Fish Resources; 249–255.
Shen, S-C. & C-H. Liu. 1976. Ecological and morphological study of the fishfauna from the waters around Taiwan and its adjacent islands. 17. A study of sex reversal in a pomacanthid fish, Genicanthus semifasciatus (Kamohara). Sci. Rpts. Nat. Taiwan Univ. 6: 140–150.
Strand, S. 1978. Community structure among reef fish in the Gulf of California: the use of space and interspecific foraging aggregations. Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Davis. 344 pp.
Straughn, R.P.L. 1959a. Salt water black angelfish spawned. The Aquarium, Philadelphia 28: 211–222.
Straughn, R.P.L. 1959b. Salt water black angelfish spawned. Aquarium J. (San Francisco) 30: 338–340.
Suzuki, K., S. Hioki & K. Iwasa. 1978. Spawning behavior, eggs, larvae, and sex reversal of two pomacanthid fish, Genicanthus lamarck and G. semifasciatus, in an aquarium. Publ. Mar. Sci. Mus. Tokai Univ. 12: 149–165.
Thomson, D.A., L.T. Finley & A.N. Kerstitch. 1979. Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez. Wiley, New York.302 pp.
Thresher, R.E. 1980. Reef fish. Palmetto, St. Petersburg. 171 pp.
Thresher, R.E. In press. Reproduction in reef fishes. Tropical Fish Hobbyist, Neptune City.
Warner, R.R. 1975. The adaptive significance of sequential hermaphroditism in animals. Amer. Natur. 109: 61–82.
Warner, R.R. & S. Hoffman. 1980. Local population size as a determinant of mating system and sexual composition in two tropical marine fishes (Thalassoma spp.). Evolution 34: 508–518.
Wilson, E.O. 1975. Sociobiology. Belknap, Cambridge. 697 pp.