Attitudes Toward Neuroscience Education Among Psychiatry Residents and Fellows
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The purpose of this study is to assess the attitudes of psychiatry trainees toward neuroscience education in psychiatry residency and subsequent training in order to inform neuroscience education approaches in the future.
This online survey was designed to capture demographic information, self-assessed neuroscience knowledge, attitudes toward neuroscience education, preferences in learning modalities, and interest in specific neuroscience topics. Volunteers were identified through the American Psychiatric Association, which invited 2,563 psychiatry trainees among their members.
Four hundred thirty-six trainees completed the survey. Nearly all agreed that there is a need for more neuroscience education in psychiatry residency training (94 %) and that neuroscience education could help destigmatize mental illness (91 %). Nearly all (94 %) expressed interest in attending a 3-day course on neuroscience. Many neuroscience topics and modes of learning were viewed favorably by participants. Residents in their first 2 years of training expressed attitudes similar to those of more advanced residents and fellows. Some differences were found based on the level of interest in a future academic role.
This web-based study demonstrates that psychiatry residents see neuroscience education as important in their training and worthy of greater attention. Our results suggest potential opportunities for advancing neuroscience education.
- Freud S. Project for a scientific psychology. In: Jones E, editor. The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud. London: Hogarth; 1895. p. 295–397.
- Gach J. Biological psychiatry in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. In: Wallace ER, Gach J, editors. History of psychiatry and medical psychology. New York: Springer; 2008.
- Reynolds III CF, Lewis DA, Detre T, Schatzberg AF, Kupfer DJ. The future of psychiatry as clinical neuroscience. Acad Med. 2009;84(4):446–50. CrossRef
- Rubin EH, Zorumski CF. Perspective: upcoming paradigm shifts for psychiatry in clinical care, research, and education. Acad Med. 2012;87(3):261–5. CrossRef
- Cuthbert BN, Insel TR. Toward new approaches to psychotic disorders: the NIMH Research Domain Criteria project. Schizophrenia Bull. 2010;36(6):1061–2. CrossRef
- Insel T, Cuthbert B, Garvey M, Heinssen R, Pine DS, Quinn K, et al. Research Domain Criteria (RDoC): toward a new classification framework for research on mental disorders. Am J Psychiatr. 2010;167(7):748–51. CrossRef
- Morris SE, Cuthbert BN. Research Domain Criteria: cognitive systems, neural circuits, and dimensions of behavior. Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2012;14(1):29–37.
- Roffman JL, Simon AB, Prasad KM, Truman CJ, Morrison J, Ernst CL. Neuroscience in psychiatry training: how much do residents need to know? Am J Psychiatr. 2006;163(5):919–26. CrossRef
- Hales D, Delanoche N. Resident census—characteristics and distribution of psychiatry residents in the U.S. 2011–2012. Arlington: American Psychiatric Association; 2013.
- Vrecko S. Neuroscience, power and culture: an introduction. Hist Human Sci. 2010;23(1):1–10. CrossRef
- Schreiber D. On social attribution: implications of recent cognitive neuroscience research for race, law, and politics. Sci Eng Ethics. 2012;18(3):557–66. CrossRef
- Insel TR, Wang PS. Rethinking mental illness. JAMA: J Am Med Assoc. 2010;303(19):1970–1. CrossRef
- Benjamin S; Cooper J; Dickey C; Reardon C; Travis M, editors. Neuropsychiatry/neuroscience education of psychiatry trainees: attitudes and barriers. American Neuropsychiatric Association Annual Meeting 2012.
- Hoop JG, Savla G, Roberts LW, Zisook S, Dunn LB. The current state of genetics training in psychiatric residency: views of 235 U.S. educators and trainees. Acad Psychiatry. 2010;34(2):109–14. CrossRef
- Davis DA, Mazmanian PE, Fordis M, Van Harrison R, Thorpe KE, Perrier L. Accuracy of physician self-assessment compared with observed measures of competence: a systematic review. Jama. 2006;296(9):1094–102. CrossRef
- Ehrlinger J, Johnson K, Banner M, Dunning D, Kruger J. Why the unskilled are unaware: further explorations of (absent) self-insight among the incompetent. Organ Behav Hum Decis Process. 2008;105(1):98–121. CrossRef
- Alfonso CA, Olarte SW. Contemporary practice patterns of dynamic psychiatrists—survey results. J Am Acad Psychoanal Dyn Psychiatr. 2011;39(1):7–26. CrossRef
- Lichwala-Zyla C, Price JH, Dake JA, Jordan T, Price JA. Psychiatrists’ perceptions and practices in treating patients’ obesity. Acad Psychiatr. 2009;33(5):370–6. CrossRef
- Bourgeois JA, Cohen MA, Geppert CM. The role of psychosomatic-medicine psychiatrists in bioethics: a survey study of members of the academy of psychosomatic medicine. Psychosomatics. 2006;47(6):520–6. CrossRef
- Jain S, Dunn LB, Warner CH, Roberts LW. Results of a multisite survey of U.S. psychiatry residents on education in professionalism and ethics. Acad Psychiatr. 2011;35(3):175–83. CrossRef
- Lilly MN, Lapid MI, Richardson JW. Perspectives on geriatric psychiatry: results of a single site survey of psychiatry residents. Acad Psychiatr. 2012;36(1):69–70. CrossRef
- Sockalingam S, Stergiopoulos V, Maggi J. Residents’ perceived physician-manager educational needs: a national survey of psychiatry residents. Can J Psychiatr Revue canadienne de psychiatrie. 2008;53(11):745–52.
- Cook C, Heath F, Thompson RL. A meta-analysis of response rates in web- or internet-based surveys. Educ Psychol Meas. 2000;60:821–36. CrossRef
- Braithwaite D, Emery J, de Lusignan S, Sutton S. Using the Internet to conduct surveys of health professionals: a valid alternative? Fam Pract. 2003;20(5):545–51. CrossRef
- Attitudes Toward Neuroscience Education Among Psychiatry Residents and Fellows
Volume 38, Issue 2 , pp 127-134
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer New York
- Additional Links
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
- 2. Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA
- 3. University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
- 4. Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Healthcare System, and the Sierra Pacific Mental Illness, Research, Education, and Clinical Center (MIRECC), Palo Alto, CA, USA