Aging Clinical and Experimental Research

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 497–503

Gotfried percutaneous compression plating (PCCP) versus dynamic hip screw (DHS) in hip fractures: blood loss and 1-year mortality

  • Diego Gaddi
  • Giorgio Piarulli
  • Andrea Angeloni
  • Marta Gandolla
  • Daniele Munegato
  • Marco Bigoni
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s40520-014-0205-3

Cite this article as:
Gaddi, D., Piarulli, G., Angeloni, A. et al. Aging Clin Exp Res (2014) 26: 497. doi:10.1007/s40520-014-0205-3
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Abstract

Background

Intertrochanteric fractures are among the most common fracture in elderly and are correlated with an average 1-year mortality of 25 %. Increased mortality after hip fracture could be related to blood loss and comorbidities.

Aims

We compared two groups of patients treated with percutaneous compression plating (PCCP) and dynamic hip screw (DHS) with the hypothesis that treatment with PCCP can reduce blood loss and 1-year mortality. We furthermore investigated the role of several surgical-related and patient-related factors on mortality of all the enrolled patients.

Methods

We performed a comparative retrospective study of 280 patients with type 31A1 or 31A2 hip fractures treated in our department from January 2004 to May 2008. Exclusion criteria were age <60 years, multiple injuries and pathological fractures. A total of 194 patients were treated with DHS, and 86 patients were treated with PCCP.

Results

No statistical differences were found in term of blood loss, blood transfusion and 1-year mortality between the two groups, whereas we found a significant incidence of gender, age, American Society of Anaesthesiologists score and preoperative haemoglobin on mortality.

Discussion

Both plates seem to be comparable in terms of blood loss and blood transfusion rate, and mortality was rather correlated with some patient-related factors reflecting the global health status.

Conclusion

Emerging mortality in this kind of patient should encourage us to improve preventative orthogeriatric health care.

Keywords

Hip fractureOrthogeriatricsPercutaneous compression platingDynamic hip screw

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diego Gaddi
    • 1
  • Giorgio Piarulli
    • 1
  • Andrea Angeloni
    • 1
  • Marta Gandolla
    • 2
  • Daniele Munegato
    • 1
  • Marco Bigoni
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinica Ortopedica AO San GerardoUniversità degli Studi di Milano-BicoccaMonzaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Electronics, Information and BioengineeringPolitecnico di MilanoMilanItaly