CNS Drugs

, Volume 28, Issue 9, pp 817–824

Real-World Use of Fingolimod in Patients with Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis: A Retrospective Study Using the National Multiple Sclerosis Registry in Kuwait

  • Jasem AL-Hashel
  • Samar F. Ahmed
  • Raed Behbehani
  • Raed Alroughani
Original Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s40263-014-0185-z

Cite this article as:
AL-Hashel, J., Ahmed, S.F., Behbehani, R. et al. CNS Drugs (2014) 28: 817. doi:10.1007/s40263-014-0185-z

Abstract

Background

Fingolimod is an oral sphingosine-1-phosphate–receptor modulator, which has demonstrated efficacy in clinical trials and has recently been approved for multiple sclerosis (MS) treatment in Kuwait. Post-marketing studies are important to demonstrate real-life efficacy and safety.

Objective

The objective of this study was to examine the efficacy and safety of fingolimod treatment in a clinical setting.

Methods

Using the national Kuwait MS registry, relapsing remitting MS patients who had been prescribed fingolimod for ≥6 months were retrospectively identified. Three-monthly clinical evaluations and 6-monthly magnetic resonance imagings (MRIs) were performed. Patient status pre- and post-treatment was compared using chi-square and Student t-tests.

Results

A total of 175 patients were included: 75.4 % female (n = 132); mean age 33.3 ± 9.2 years; mean disease duration 7.2 ± 5.2 years; mean fingolimod use 21.7 ± 9.1 months. Most had used previous disease-modifying therapy (78.9 %; n = 138), mainly interferons (66.9 %; n = 117). Twenty-three patients (11.4 %) discontinued/withdrew fingolimod; of whom eight had relapses. The proportion of relapse-free patients improved significantly (86.3 % vs. 32.6 %; p < 0.001), while the proportion of patients with MRI activity decreased (18.3.6 % vs. 77.7 %; p < 0.001). Mean expanded disability status scale (EDSS) score at the last visit improved when compared with pre-treatment (2.26 ± 1.49 vs. 2.60 ± 1.44; p = 0.03). Forty-three (24.6 %) patients experienced adverse events; headaches and lymphopenia were the most commonly reported adverse events.

Conclusion

Fingolimod treatment was associated with reduced relapse and MRI activity, and an improved EDSS score. Discontinuation/withdrawal rates and adverse events were low. Fingolimod presents a promising treatment for MS in Kuwait.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jasem AL-Hashel
    • 1
    • 2
  • Samar F. Ahmed
    • 1
    • 3
  • Raed Behbehani
    • 4
    • 5
  • Raed Alroughani
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyIbn Sina HospitalSafatKuwait
  2. 2.Faculty of MedicineKuwait UniversitySafatKuwait
  3. 3.Department of Neurology and PsychiatryMinia UniversityMiniaEgypt
  4. 4.Department of OphthalmologyAl-Bahar Eye CenterKuwait CityKuwait
  5. 5.Neurology ClinicDasman Diabetes InstituteDasmanKuwait
  6. 6.Division of Neurology, Department of MedicineAmiri HospitalSharqKuwait