, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp 151-160
Date: 30 Oct 2013

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and the Eye: Current Concepts and Management Strategies

Abstract

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) remains one of the most important causes of nosocomial infections worldwide. This review explores the history and epidemiology of MRSA infections with a detailed analysis of its molecular subtyping, target populations, virulence factors, and modes of transmission. In addition, it specifically discusses the spectrum of eye diseases caused by MRSA, reviews the current ophthalmic literature, addresses the controversy regarding ophthalmic antibiotic resistance to MRSA, and examines alternative treatment strategies.