, Volume 88, Issue 3, pp 399-443

Multiresolution schemes for conservation laws

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In recent years a variety of high–order schemes for the numerical solution of conservation laws has been developed. In general, these numerical methods involve expensive flux evaluations in order to resolve discontinuities accurately. But in large parts of the flow domain the solution is smooth. Hence in these regions an unexpensive finite difference scheme suffices. In order to reduce the number of expensive flux evaluations we employ a multiresolution strategy which is similar in spirit to an approach that has been proposed by A. Harten several years ago. Concrete ingredients of this methodology have been described so far essentially for problems in a single space dimension. In order to realize such concepts for problems with several spatial dimensions and boundary fitted meshes essential deviations from previous investigations appear to be necessary though. This concerns handling the more complex interrelations of fluxes across cell interfaces, the derivation of appropriate evolution equations for multiscale representations of cell averages, stability and convergence, quantifying the compression effects by suitable adapted multiscale transformations and last but not least laying grounds for ultimately avoiding the storage of data corresponding to a full global mesh for the highest level of resolution. The objective of this paper is to develop such ingredients for any spatial dimension and block structured meshes obtained as parametric images of Cartesian grids. We conclude with some numerical results for the two–dimensional Euler equations modeling hypersonic flow around a blunt body.

Received June 24, 1998 / Revised version received February 21, 2000 / Published online November 8, 2000