Development of a lentiviral vector and an efficient infection method for gene therapy for p22phox-defective chronic granulomatous disease
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- Kim, Y.M., Sik, H.J., Cho, M. et al. J Korean Soc Appl Biol Chem (2012) 55: 497. doi:10.1007/s13765-012-2098-1
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Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is caused by impaired antimicrobial activity in phagocytes due to the absence or malfunction of the respiratory burst NADPH oxidase. In a previous study, we found that 12 patients from 10 unrelated families on Jeju Island had an identical homozygous single-base C-to-T substitution in exon 1 (c.7C > T) of CYBA, which encodes p22phox. Autosomal recessive p22phox-defective CGD carrierderived white blood cells were efficiently transduced by the elongation factor 1-alpha lentivirus constructs, as up to 90% of cells were green fluorescent protein (eGFP)-positive at 3 days post-transduction. pLL3.7-driven eGFP expression was stable for at least 4 weeks after transduction and persisted after CGD carrierderived cells were immortalized by human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) and B lymphoma Mo-MLV insertion region 1 (Bmi-1). Upon macrophage-like differentiation of the transduced HL-60 cells by dimethyl sulfoxide, up to 28% of the cells had higher mean levels of superoxide production than undifferentiated cells, and lentivirus efficiently transduced cells and induced the expression of genes for extended periods.