Indicators of terrestrial biogenic hydrocarbon contamination and linear alkyl benzenes as land-base pollution tracers in marine sediments

  • A. D. Syakti
  • L. Asia
  • F. Kanzari
  • H. Umasangadji
  • S. Lebarillier
  • B. Oursel
  • C. Garnier
  • L. Malleret
  • Y. Ternois
  • G. Mille
  • P. Doumenq
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s13762-013-0430-x

Cite this article as:
Syakti, A.D., Asia, L., Kanzari, F. et al. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2015) 12: 581. doi:10.1007/s13762-013-0430-x

Abstract

Aliphatics (n-alkanes) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were measured in surface sediments collected from 12 sampling points (P1–P12) of sewage discharge to the sea from the wastewater treatment plant of Cortiou (France). Total n-alkanes and PAHs concentrations ranged from 34 to 2,155 and 696 to 10,700 μg kg−1, respectively. Some specific hydrocarbon indexes suggested that terrestrial biogenic inputs are predominant compared to marine sources and that pyrolytic sources derived from wood and biomass combustion contribute to PAHs in the surface sediments. Total linear alkyl benzenes in Cortiou sediments ranged from 42.9 to 502.3 μg kg−1. Low internal and external (I/E) isomers ratio (P0) suggests that inadequately treated sewage is discharged into the marine environment while some environmental processes might change I/E ratios during transport seaward (P1–P12). The high contaminant levels followed by the cumulative concentration of several compounds may lead to elevated toxicity levels in the sediments.

Keywords

Organic contaminants n-Alkanes Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Linear alkyl benzenes Environmental monitoring Wastewater treatment discharge 

Supplementary material

13762_2013_430_MOESM1_ESM.docx (281 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 281 kb)

Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. D. Syakti
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. Asia
    • 2
  • F. Kanzari
    • 2
  • H. Umasangadji
    • 2
  • S. Lebarillier
    • 2
  • B. Oursel
    • 3
  • C. Garnier
    • 3
  • L. Malleret
    • 2
  • Y. Ternois
    • 4
  • G. Mille
    • 2
  • P. Doumenq
    • 2
  1. 1.Fisheries and Marine Sciences DepartmentJenderal Soedirman UniversityPurwokertoIndonesia
  2. 2.LCE, FRE 3416, équipe MPO. Europôle de l’ArboisAix Marseille UniversitéAix-En-Provence Cedex 4France
  3. 3.Laboratoire PROTEEUniversité du Sud Toulon VarLa GardeFrance
  4. 4.C E R E G E/UMR 6635. Europôle de l’ArboisAix Marseille UniversitéAix-En-Provence Cedex 4France

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