Archibald, M. E. 2004. Between Isomorphism and Market Partitioning: How Organizational Competencies and Resources Foster Cultural and Sociocultural Legitimacy, and Promote Organizational Survival. Research in the Sociology of Organizations: Legitimacy Processes in Organizations
Baldi, B. 1995. Institutional Change versus Institutional Persistence? The Transformation of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission since Three Mile Island. University of Delaware Disaster Research Center Preliminary Paper 236.
Beck, U. 1999. World Risk Society. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Berger, P. L., and Luckmann T.  1991. The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. New York: Penguin Books.
Bernstein, P. L. 1996. Against the Gods: The Remarkable Story of Risk. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Blaikie, P., T. Cannon, and B. Wisner. 2001. At Risk: Natural Hazards, People’s Vulnerability, and Disasters. New York: Routledge.
Bradbury, J. A. 1989. The Policy Implications of Differing Concepts of Risk. Science, Technology, & Human Values
Christensen, S., and J. Molin. 1995. Origin and Transformation of Organizations: Institutional Analysis of the Danish Red Cross. In The Institutional Construction of Organizations, edited by W. R. Scott and S. Christensen, 67–90. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Clarke, L. 1988. Explaining Choices among Technological Risks. Social Problems
Clarke, L., and J. F. J. Short. 1993. Social Organization and Risk: Some Current Controversies. Annual Review of Sociology
Cooper, D. J., M. Ezzamel, and H. Willmott. 2008. Examining “Institutionalism”: A Critical Theoretic Perspective. In The Sage Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism
, edited by R. Greenwood, C. Oliver, K. Sahlin, and R. Suddaby, 673–701. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.CrossRef
Daft, R. L., and K. E. Weick. 1984. Toward a Model of Organizations as Interpretation Systems. Academy of Management Review 9(2): 284–95.
Dean, M. 2010. Governmentality: Power and Rule in Modern Society. 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Deephouse, D. L. 1996. Does Isomorphism Legitimate? Academy of Management Journal
Deephouse, D. L., and M. Suchman. 2004. Legitimacy in Organizational Institutionalism. In The Sage Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism, edited by R. Greenwood, C. Oliver, K. Sahlin, and R. Suddaby, 49–77. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Deuchars, R. 2010. Towards the Global Social: Sociological Reflections on Governance and Risk in the Context of the Current Financial Crisis. Cambridge Review of International Affairs
DiMaggio, P. J. 1988. Interest and Agency in Institutional Theory. In Institutional Patterns and Organizations: Culture and Environment, edited by L. G. Zucker, 3–21. Cambridge: Ballinger Publishing Company.
—. 1994. Culture and Economy. In The Handbook of Economic Sociology, edited by N. J. Smelser and R. Swedberg, 27–57. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
DiMaggio, P. J., and W. W. Powell. 1983. The Iron Cage Revisited: Institutional Isomorphism and Collective Rationality in Organizational Fields. American Sociological Review
—. 1991. Introduction. In The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis, edited by W. W. Powell and P. J. DiMaggio, 1–38. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Douglas, M. 1990. Risk as a Forensic Resource. Daedalus 119(4): 1–16.
Douglas, M., and A. Wildavsky. 1982. Risk and Culture. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. 2003. Final Report on Price Manipulation in Western Markets (March 2003): Summary of Findings.
Feinstein, J. 2006. Managing Reliability in Electric Power Companies. In Seeds of Disasters, Roots of Response: How Private Action Can Reduce Public Vulnerability
, edited by P. E. Auerswald, L. M. Branscomb, T. M. La Porte, and E. O. Michel-Kerjan, 164–83. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRef
Fischhoff, B. 1995. Risk Perception and Communication Unplugged: Twenty Years of Process. Risk Analysis
Foucault, M.  1995. Discipline and Punish. Translated by A. Sheridan. 2nd ed. New York: Vintage Books.
—. 2007. 8 February 1978. In Security, Territory, Population: Lectures at the Collège de France, 1977–78
, edited by M. Senellart, 115–34. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRef
Freudenburg, W. R. 1992. Nothing Recedes Like Success? Risk Analysis and the Organizational Amplification of Risks. Risk 3(1): 1–35.
—. 1993. Risk and Recreancy: Weber, the Division of Labor, and the Rationality of Risk Perceptions. Social Forces
Freudenburg, W. R., R. Gramling, S. Laska, and K. T. Erikson. 2007. Katrina: Unlearned Lessons. World Watch 20(5): 14–19.
Friedland, R., and R. R. Alford. 1991. Bringing Society Back in: Symbols, Practices, and Institutional Contradictions. In The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis, edited by W. W. Powell and P. J. DiMaggio, 232–63. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Gordon, C. 1991. Governmental Rationality: An introduction. In The Foucault Effect: Studies in Governmentality, edited by G. Burchell, C. Gordon, and P. Miller. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Hansson, S. O. 2010. Risk: Objective or Subjective, Facts or Values. Journal of Risk Research
Hutter, B. M. 2006. Risk, Regulation, and Management. In Risk in Social Science, edited by P. Taylor-Gooby and J. O. Zinn, 202–27. New York: Oxford University Press.
Jaeger, C. C., O. Renn, E. A. Rosa, and T. Webler. 2001. Risk, Uncertainty and Rational Action. London: Earthscan.
Jasanoff, S. 1990. American Exceptionalism and the Political Acknowledgment of Risk. Daedalus 119(4): 61–81.
—. 2010. Beyond Calculation: A Democratic Response to Risk. In Disaster and the Politics of Intervention, edited by A. Lakoff, 14–40. New York: Columbia University Press.
Jepperson, R. L. 2002. The Development and Application of Sociological Neoinstitutionalism. In New Directions in Contemporary Sociological Theory, edited by J. Berger and M. Zelditch Jr., 229–66.
Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Jepperson, R. L., and J. W. Meyer. 1991. The Public Order and the Construction of Formal Organizations. In The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis, edited by W. W. Powell and P. J. DiMaggio, 204–31. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Kahneman, D., and D. Lovallo. 1993. Timid Choices and Bold Forecasts: A Cognitive Perspective on Risk-Taking. Management Science
Kasperson, R. E. 1992. The Social Amplification of Risk: Progress in Developing an Integrative Framework. In Social Theories of Risk, edited by S. Krimsky and D. Golding, 153–78. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.
Kasperson, R. E., R. Ortwin, P. Slovic, H. S. Brown, J. Emel, R. Goble, J. X. Kasperson, and S. Ratick. 1988. The Social Amplification of Risk: A Conceptual Framework. Risk Analysis
Latour, B. 1987. Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers through Society. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Latour, B., and S. Woolgar. 1979. Laboratory Life: The Social Construction of Scientific Facts. Vol. 80, Sage Library of Social Research. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.
Leblebici, H., G. R. Salancik, A. Copay, and T. King. 1991. Institutional Change and the Transformation of Interorganizational Fields: An Organizational History of the U.S. Radio Broadcasting Industry. Administrative Science Quarterly
Lemke, T. 2002. Foucault, Governmentality, and Critique. Remaking Marxism
Luhmann, N. 1993. Risk: A Sociological Theory. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
Manning, P. K. 1989. Managing Risk: Managing Uncertainty in the British Nuclear Installations Inspectorate. Law and Policy
Masuda, J. R., and T. Garvin. 2006. Place, Culture, and the Social Amplification of Risk. Risk Analysis
Meyer, J. W. 2008. Reflections on Institutional Theories of Organizations. In The Sage Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism
, edited by R. Greenwood, C. Oliver, K. Sahlin, and R. Suddaby, 790–812. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.CrossRef
Meyer, J. W., and B. Rowan. 1977. Institutionalized Organizations: Formal Structure as Myth and Ceremony. American Journal of Sociology
Meyer, J. W., and W. R. Scott, eds. 1983. Organizational Environments: Ritual and Rationality. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Mohr, J. W., and R. Friedland. 2008. Theorizing the Institution: Foundation, Duality, and Data. Theory and Society
North, D. C. 1994. Economic Performance through Time. American Economic Review 84(3): 358–68.
Nye, J. S., and J. D. Donahue, eds. 2000. Governance in a Globalizing World. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.
O’Neill, K. M., J. M. Calia, C. Chess, and L. Clarke. 2007. Miscommunication during the Anthrax Attacks: How Events Reveal Organizational Failures. Human Ecology Review 14(2): 119–29.
Oliver, C. 1991. Strategic Responses to Institutional Processes. Academy of Management Review 16(1): 145–79.
Onishi, N., and K. Belson. 2011. Culture of Complicity Tied to Stricken Nuclear Plant. The New York Times, April 26, 2011, New York edition, A1.
Otway, H., and K. Thomas. 1982. Reflections on Risk Perception and Policy. Risk Analysis
Perrow, C. 1984. Normal Accidents: Living with High-Risk Technologies. New York: Basic Books.
—. 1986. Complex Organizations: A Critical Essay. 3rd ed. New York: Newbery Award Records.
—. 2011. The Next Catastrophe: Reducing Our Vulnerabilities to Natural, Industrial, and Terrorist Attacks. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Pidgeon, N., R. E. Kasperson, and P. Slovic. 2003. The Social Amplification of Risk
. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.CrossRef
Pinch, T. J., and W. E. Bijker. 1984. The Social Construction of Facts and Artefacts: Or How the Sociology of Science and the Sociology of Technology Might Benefit Each Other. Social Studies of Science
Powell, W. W., and P. J. DiMaggio, eds. 1991. The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Power, M. 2011. Foucault and Sociology. Annual Review of Sociology
Quarantelli, E. L. 2005. A Social Science Research Agenda for the Disasters of the 21st Century: Theoretical, Methodological and Empirical Issues and Their Professional Implementation. In What Is a Disaster?: New Answers to Old Questions, edited by R. W. Perry and E. L. Quarantelli, 325–96. Philadelphia: Xlibris.
Renn, O. 1992. Concepts of Risks: A Classification. In Social Theories of Risk, edited by S. Krimsky and D. Golding, 53–79. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.
—. 1998. Three Decades of Risk Research. Journal of Risk Research
—. 2008a. Concepts of Risk: An Interdisciplinary Review. GAIA — Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society 17(1): 50–66.
—. 2008b. Risk Governance: Coping with Uncertainty in a Complex World. London: Earthscan.
Renn, O., and K. D. Walker, eds. 2008. Global Risk Governance: Concept and Practice Using the IRGC Framework. Dordrecht: Springer.
Rose, N. 1999. Governing the Soul: The Shaping of the Private Self. 2nd ed. London: Free Association Books.
Sapolsky, H. M. 1990. The Politics of Risk. Daedalus 119(4): 83–96.
Schmidt, V. 2006. Institutionalism. In The State: Theories and Issues, edited by C. Hay, M. Lister, and D. Marsh, 98–117. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Schneiberg, M., and T. Bartley. 2001. Regulating American Industries: Markets, Politics, and the Institutional Determinants of Fire Insurance Regulation. American Journal of Sociology
Scott, W. R. 1991. Unpacking Institutional Arrangements. In The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis, edited by W. W. Powell and P. J. DiMaggio, 164–82. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
—. 2001. Institutions and Organizations. 2nd ed. Foundations for Organizational Science Series. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Selznick, P. 1996. Institutionalism: “Old” and “new”. Administrative Science Quarterly
Short Jr, J. F. 1984. The Social Fabric at Risk: Toward the Social Transformation of Risk Analysis. American Sociological Review
Shrader-Frechette, K. S. 1985. Risk Analysis and Scientific Method: Methodological and Ethical Problems with Evaluating Societal Hazards
. Dodrecht: D. Reidel.CrossRef
Slovic, P. 1987. Perception of Risk. Science
—. 1992. Perceptions of Risk: Reflections on the Psychometric Paradigm. In Social Theories of Risk, edited by S. Krimsky and D. Golding, 117–52. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.
—. 1999. Trust, Emotion, Sex, Politics, and Science: Surveying the Risk Assessment Battlefield. Risk Analysis 19(4): 689–701.
Slovic, P., M. Finucane, E. Peters, and D. G. MacGregor. 2004. Risk as Analysis and Risk as Feelings: Some Thoughts about Affect, Reason, Risk, and Rationality. Risk Analysis
Slovic, P., B. Fischhoff, and S. Lichtenstein. 1982. Why Study Risk Perceptions? Risk Analysis
Stallings, R. A. 1995. Promoting Risk: Constructing the Earthquake Threat. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
Starr, C. 1969. Social Benefit versus Technological Risk. Science
Starr, C., and C. Whipple. 1980. Risks of Risk Decisions. Science
—. 1984. A Perspective on Health and Safety Risk Analysis. Management Science
Suchman, M. 1995. Managing Legitimacy: Strategic and Institutional Approaches. Academy of Management Review 20(3): 571–610.
Taylor-Gooby, P., and J. O. Zinn. 2006. Current Directions in Risk Research: New Developments in Psychology and Sociology. Risk Analysis
Tierney, K. J. 1999. Towards a Critical Sociology of Risk. Sociological Forum
—. 2005. Social Inequality, Hazards and Disasters. In On Risk and Disaster: Lessons from Hurricane Katrina, edited by R. J. Daniels, D. F. Kettl, and H. Kunreuther, 109–28. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Tierney, K. J., and C. Bevc. 2007. Disaster as War: Militarism and the Social Construction of Disaster in New Orleans. In The Sociology of Katrina: Perspectives on A Modern Catastrophe, edited by D. L. Brunsma, D. Overfelt, and J. S. Picou, 35–50. Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Tolbert, P. S., and L. G. Zucker. 1983. Institutional Sources of Change in the Formal Structure of Organizations: The Diffusion of Civil Service Reform, 1880–1935. Administrative Science Quarterly
Turner, B. A. 1976. The Organizational and Interorganizational Development of Disasters. Administrative Science Quarterly
—. 1979. The Social Aetiology of Disasters. Disasters
Tversky, A., and D. Kahneman. 1981. The Framing of Decisions and the Psychology of Choice. Science
U.S.-Canada Power System Outage Task Force. 2004. Final Report on the August 14, 2003 Blackout in the United States and Canada: Causes and Recommendations
Vaughan, D. 1996. The Challenger Launch Decision: Risky Technology, Culture and Deviance at NASA. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
—. 1999. The Role of Organization in the Production of Techno-Scientific Knowledge. Social Studies of Science
—. 2004. Theorizing Disaster: Analogy, Historical Ethnography, and the Challenger Accident. Ethnography
Weinberg, A. M. 1972. Science and Trans-Science. Minerva
Williamson, O. E. 1994. Transaction Cost Economics and Organization Theory. In Handbook of Economic Sociology, edited by N. J. Smelser and R. Swedberg, 77–107. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Zucker, L. G., ed. 1988. Institutional Patterns and Organizations: Culture and Environment. Cambridge: Ballinger Publishing Company.