Current Obesity Reports

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 449–455

Global Changes in Food Supply and the Obesity Epidemic

  • Emilie H. Zobel
  • Tine W. Hansen
  • Peter Rossing
  • Bernt Johan von Scholten
Economy and Environment (GJ Egger, Section Editor)

DOI: 10.1007/s13679-016-0233-8

Cite this article as:
Zobel, E.H., Hansen, T.W., Rossing, P. et al. Curr Obes Rep (2016) 5: 449. doi:10.1007/s13679-016-0233-8
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Economy and Environment

Abstract

Purpose of Review

We explore how a global shift in the food system caused by global economic growth, increase in available food per capita and in food processing is a driver of the obesity epidemic.

Recent Findings

Economic development in most areas of the world has resulted in increased purchasing power and available per capita food. Supermarkets and a growing fast-food industry have transformed our dietary pattern. Ultra-processed food rich on sugars and saturated fat is now the major source of energy in most countries. The shift in food supply is considered a major driver of the obesity epidemic and the increasing prevalence of accompanying complications, such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. However, the global shift might also have direct effects on the increase in type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer, independently of overweight and obesity.

Summary

The shift in the food supply is a major driver of the obesity epidemic.

Keywords

ObesityFood supplyUltra-processed food

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emilie H. Zobel
    • 1
  • Tine W. Hansen
    • 1
  • Peter Rossing
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Bernt Johan von Scholten
    • 1
  1. 1.Steno Diabetes CenterGentofteDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Clinical MedicineUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark
  3. 3.HealthAarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark