, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 104-106

Diet-Induced Obesity: When Does Consumption Become Overconsumption?

Abstract

Overconsumption is commonly implicated in the etiology of obesity; however there is a lack of consensus on a definition and the most appropriate methodology for assessing it. The aim of this communication is to highlight the need for theoretical consensus on the assessment of overconsumption, which may lead to improved methodological standards in obesity research. In laboratory studies, overconsumption is most frequently inferred from the comparison of food intake within or between individuals against a single control. Measurement often relies on a single eating episode with limited consideration of preceding or subsequent intake. An alternative approach is to consider food intake in the context of energy requirements, within an energy balance framework. One such marker of chronic overconsumption is body weight. There is a need for agreement on the definition and measurement of overconsumption, so that its role in weight gain and obesity can be more precisely delineated.