Swiss Journal of Palaeontology

, Volume 132, Issue 1, pp 45-68

Ariid sea catfishes from the coeval Pirabas (Northeastern Brazil), Cantaure, Castillo (Northwestern Venezuela), and Castilletes (North Colombia) formations (early Miocene), with description of three new species

  • Orangel Antonio AguileraAffiliated withMuseu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Coordenação de Ciências da Terra e Ecologia Email author 
  • , Heloisa Moraes-SantosAffiliated withMuseu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Coordenação de Ciências da Terra e Ecologia
  • , Sue CostaAffiliated withInstituto de Ciências da Arte, Museología, Universidade Federal do Pará
  • , Fumio OheAffiliated withNara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties
  • , Carlos JaramilloAffiliated withSmithsonian Tropical Research Institute
  • , Afonso NogueiraAffiliated withInstituto de Geociências, Universidade Federal do Pará

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Ariidae catfish are described from the early Miocene Pirabas Formation in northeastern Brazil, Cantaure and Castillo formations in northwestern Venezuela, and Castilletes Formation in North Colombia. A skull from the Pirabas Formation is described as Cathorops goeldii, n. sp. and an otolith is identified as Cathorops sp. The otoliths from Cantaure, Castillo and Castilletes formations are described as Cantarius nolfi n. sp. and Bagre protocaribbeanus n. sp. These coeval lithostratigraphic units reflect the Proto-Caribbean conditions and the shallow water tropical palaeoenvironment during the Miocene, particularly associated with marine coastal lagoon and estuarine influence.


Ariidae Catfish Miocene Caribbean South America