Swiss Journal of Palaeontology

, 130:307

A new species of woodpecker (Aves; Picidae) from the early Miocene of Saulcet (Allier, France)

  • Vanesa L. De Pietri
  • Albrecht Manegold
  • Loïc Costeur
  • Gerald Mayr
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s13358-011-0021-8

Cite this article as:
De Pietri, V.L., Manegold, A., Costeur, L. et al. Swiss J Palaeontol (2011) 130: 307. doi:10.1007/s13358-011-0021-8

Abstract

We describe a new genus and species of woodpecker (Piciformes: Picidae), Piculoides saulcetensis, from the early Miocene (MN1–MN2) of Saulcet, in the “Saint-Gérand-le-Puy” area, central France, which is the earliest definite record of the family. The new species is represented solely by the distal end of a tarsometatarsus, which bears nonetheless diagnostic features that allowed us to place Piculoides saulcetensis in a phylogenetic context. Our results show that the fossil from Saulcet is either a stem-group representative of piculets (Picumninae) and true woodpeckers (Picinae) or of true woodpeckers only. Piculoides saulcetensis is similar to a fragmentary tarsometatarsus of a picid from the late Oligocene of southern Germany, and we thus hypothesize a close relationship between the two.

Keywords

PiciformesSaulcetSaint-Gérand-le-PuyPiculoidesFossil birdsEarly Miocene

Copyright information

© Akademie der Naturwissenschaften Schweiz (SCNAT) 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanesa L. De Pietri
    • 1
  • Albrecht Manegold
    • 2
  • Loïc Costeur
    • 3
  • Gerald Mayr
    • 2
  1. 1.Naturhistorisches Museum der Burgergemeinde BernBernSwitzerland
  2. 2.Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut, Sektion für OrnithologieFrankfurt am MainGermany
  3. 3.Naturhistorisches Museum BaselBaselSwitzerland