From Killer Machines to Doctrines and Swarms, or Why Ethics of Military Robotics Is not (Necessarily) About Robots
- Mark Coeckelbergh
- … show all 1 hide
Ethical reflections on military robotics can be enriched by a better understanding of the nature and role of these technologies and by putting robotics into context in various ways. Discussing a range of ethical questions, this paper challenges the prevalent assumptions that military robotics is about military technology as a mere means to an end, about single killer machines, and about “military” developments. It recommends that ethics of robotics attend to how military technology changes our aims, concern itself not only with individual robots but also and especially with networks and swarms, and adapt its conceptions of responsibility to the rise of such cloudy and unpredictable systems, which rely on decentralized control and buzz across many spheres of human activity.
- Arkin, R.C. (2008). Governing lethal behavior: embedding ethics in a hybrid deliberative/reactive robot architecture. Proceedings of the 3rd ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human–Robot Interaction. Available at http://delivery.acm.org/10.1145/1350000/1349839/p121-arkin.pdf?key1=1349839&key2=7681134921&coll=DL&dl=ACM&CFID=4656219&CFTOKEN=83802893. Accessed 8, January 2011.
- Asaro, PM How just could a robot war be?. In: Brey, P, Briggle, A, Waelbers, K eds. (2008) Current issues in computing and philosophy. Ios Press, Amsterdam, pp. 50-64
- Card, J. (2007). Killer machines. Foreign Policy May/June 2007: 92.
- Galloway, AR, Thacker, E (2007) The exploit: a theory of networks. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis
- Grossman, D (1995) On killing: the psychological cost of learning to kill in war and society. Little, Brown and Company, Boston
- Singer, PW (2009) Wired for war: the robotics revolution and conflict in the 21st century. The Penguin Press, New York
- Singer, PW (2009) Wired for war? Robots and military doctrine. Joint Force Quarterly 52: pp. 105-110
- Singer, P.W. (2009c). Military robots and the laws of war. The New Atlantis (Winter 2009), pp. 27–44.
- Sparrow, R (2007) Killer robots. Journal of Applied Philosophy 24: pp. 62-77 CrossRef
- Sparrow, R (2009) Building a better WarBot: ethical issues in the design of unmanned systems for military applications. Science and Engineering Ethics 15: pp. 169-187 CrossRef
- Verbeek, P-P (2005) What things do: philosophical reflections on technology, agency, and design. Penn State University Press, Penn State
- From Killer Machines to Doctrines and Swarms, or Why Ethics of Military Robotics Is not (Necessarily) About Robots
- Open Access
- Available under Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Philosophy & Technology
Volume 24, Issue 3 , pp 269-278
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Military robotics
- Autonomous intelligent systems
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Philosophy, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500, AE, Enschede, Netherlands