Review

Photonic Sensors

, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 289-314

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Lab-on-fiber technology: a new avenue for optical nanosensors

  • Marco ConsalesAffiliated withOptoelectronic Division — Department of Engineering, University of Sannio
  • , Marco PiscoAffiliated withOptoelectronic Division — Department of Engineering, University of Sannio
  • , Andrea CusanoAffiliated withOptoelectronic Division — Department of Engineering, University of Sannio Email author 

Abstract

The “lab-on-fiber” concept envisions novel and highly functionalized technological platforms completely integrated in a single optical fiber that would allow the development of advanced devices, components and sub-systems to be incorporated in modern optical systems for communication and sensing applications. The realization of integrated optical fiber devices requires that several structures and materials at nano- and micro-scale are constructed, embedded and connected all together to provide the necessary physical connections and light-matter interactions. This paper reviews the strategies, the main achievements and related devices in the lab-on-fiber roadmap discussing perspectives and challenges that lie ahead.

Keywords

Lab-on-fiber all-in-fiber devices optical fiber sensors and devices microstructured fiber Bragg gratings microstructured optical fibers multimaterial and multifunctional fibers