Treatment of Dystonia
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- Thenganatt, M.A. & Jankovic, J. Neurotherapeutics (2014) 11: 139. doi:10.1007/s13311-013-0231-4
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Selecting the appropriate treatment for dystonia begins with proper classification of disease based on age, distribution, and underlying etiology. The therapies available for dystonia include oral medications, botulinum toxin, and surgical procedures. Oral medications are generally reserved for generalized and segmental dystonia. Botulinum toxin revolutionized the treatment of focal dystonia when it was introduced for therapeutic purposes in the 1980s. Surgical procedures are available for medication-refractory dystonia, markedly affecting an individual’s quality of life.