Brazilian Amazon: A Significant Five Year Drop in Deforestation Rates but Figures are on the Rise Again
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Brazilian officials have recently announced that, after a five year lull, deforestation rates are again on the rise in the Legal Amazon (INPE 2011). While this may come as no surprise to some, it is still useful to examine the conditions which have led to the unexpected success by the authorities in reducing deforestation over the previous 5 years. The more so in that these years were characterized by rising agricultural commodity prices, usually a key driver in deforestation dynamics. We argue here that, despite the strong efforts by national and regional authorities to control deforestation processes a reversal of the trend was bound to occur as new policies were set into motion during the relatively quiet deforestation period to accommodate the economic aspirations of a growing population in Amazonia. Such aspirations were voiced in the National Congress, when deputies voted in May 2011 to relax the forest code laws. In a probable anticipation of such reform, an unambigu
- Asner, G.P., D.E. Knapp, E.N. Broadbent, P.J.C. Oliveira, M. Keller, and J.N. Silva. 2005. Selective logging in the Brazilian Amazon. Science 310: 480–482. CrossRef
- Barreto, P., E. Arima, and R. Salomão. 2009. What is the effect of new policies in Amazônia? Belém: IMAZON (in Portuguese). http://www.imazon.org.br/novo2008/arquivosdb/164523desmatamento_resultados_preliminares.pdf. Retrieved 1 March 2011.
- Bito, B. 2009. Fines following Operation Curupira in Mato Grosso. O Estado da Amazônia 12. Belém: IMAZON. (in Portuguese). http://www.imazon.org.br/novo2008/arquivosdb/142431oea_12.pdf. Retrieved 1 March 2011.
- Boekhout van Solinge, T. 2010. Deforestation crimes and conflicts in the Amazon. Critical Criminology 18: 263–277. CrossRef
- Brasil, Presidência da República. 2004. Action plan for the prevention and control of deforestation in the Legal Amazon. Brasilia: Presidência da República. (in Portuguese). http://www.Planalto.Gov.Br/Casacivil/Desmat.Pdf. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
- Brasil, Governo Federal. 2008. National Climate Change Plan—PNMC—Public consultation version September, 2008. Brasilia: Comitê Interministerial sobre Mudança do Clima. (in Portuguese). http://mma.gov.br/estruturas/169/_arquivos/169_29092008073244.pdf. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
- Carvalho, G., A.C. Barros, P. Moutinho, and D. Nepstad. 2001. Sensitive development could protect Amazonia instead of destroying it. Nature 409: 131. CrossRef
- Dourojeanni, M. 2011. Amazônia: truths that change. Oecoamazonia, 26 January 2011. (in Portuguese). http://www.oecoamazonia.com/br/artigos/9-artigos/131-amazonia-verdades-que-mudam-parte-1. Retreived 1 February 2011.
- Fearnside, P. 2002. Avança Brasil: environmental and social consequences of Brazil’s planned infrastructure in Amazonia. Environmental Management 30: 735–747. CrossRef
- Greenpeace. 2006. Eating up the Amazon. Amsterdam: Greenpeace International. http://www.greenpeace.org/international/Global/international/planet-2/report/2006/7/eating-up-the-amazon.pdf. Retrieved 1 March 2011.
- IBGE. 2011. Brazilian population estimates by municipality—01.07.2009. Rio de Janiero: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. (in Portuguese). Retrieved 1 May 2011 from http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/populacao/estimativa2009/default.shtm.
- IMAZON. 2011. SAD—Forest transparency bulletin. Belém: IMAZON. (in Portuguese). http://www.imazon.org.br/.
- INPE. 2010. Monitoring the Amazon forest by satellite. São José dos Campos: Instituto Nacional De Pesquisas Espaciais. http://www.obt.inpe.br/prodes/. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
- INPE. 2011. DETER shows 593 km2 of deforestation on Amazon region in March and April. São José dos Campos: Instituto Nacional De Pesquisas Espaciais. http://www.inpe.br/ingles/news/news_20110518_01.php. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
- IPCC. 2000. Land use, land-use change and forestry. Cambridge: Intergovernmental panel on climate change and Cambridge University Press. http://www.ipcc.ch/ipccreports/sres/land_use/index.php?idp=0.
- Lambin, E. F., and P. Meyfroidt. 2011. Global land use change, economic globalization, and the looming land scarcity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108: 3465–3472. www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1100480108.
- Lewis, S., P.M. Brando, O.L. Phillips, G.M.F. van der Heijden, and D. Nepstad. 2011. The 2010 Amazon drought. Science 331: 554. CrossRef
- Nepstad, D., S. Schwartzman, B. Bamberger, M. Santilli, D. Ray, P. Schlesinger, P. Lefebvre, and A. Alencar. 2006. Inhibition of Amazon deforestation and fire by Parks and Indigenous lands. Conservation Biology 20(1): 63–73. CrossRef
- Ricardo, F., and A. Rollo. 2006. Mining in conservation areas in the Brazilian Amazon. São Paulo: Instituto Socioambiental. (in Portuguese).
- Rodrigues, A.S.L., R.M. Ewers, L. Parry, C. Souza Jr., A. Veríssimo, and A. Balmford. 2009. Boom-and-bust development patterns across the Amazon deforestation frontier. Science 324: 1435–1437. CrossRef
- Santilli, M., P. Moutinho, S. Schwartzman, D. Nepstad, L. Curran, and C. Nobre. 2005. Tropical deforestation and the Kyoto protocol. Climate Change 71: 267–276. doi:10.1007/s10584-005-8074-6. CrossRef
- Schnepf, R. D., E. Dohlman, and C. Bolling. 2001. Agriculture in Brazil and Argentina: developments and prospects for major field crops. Trade Report No. WRS013. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture.
- Soares-Filho, B., P. Moutinho, D. Nepstad, A. Anderson, H. Rodrigues, R.Garcia, L. Dietzsch, and F. Merry et al. 2010. Role of Brazilian Amazon protected areas in climate change mitigation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107: 10821–10826. www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.0913048107.
- Vizeu, R., and R. Vargas. 2011. Hydroelectric power stations raise criminality in Rondônia. Folha.com, 23 March 2011 (in Portuguese). http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/mercado/892719-usinas-hidreletricas-levam-criminalidade-a-rondonia.shtml. Retrieved 1 May.
- Brazilian Amazon: A Significant Five Year Drop in Deforestation Rates but Figures are on the Rise Again
Volume 41, Issue 3 , pp 309-314
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links