Ecological risk assessment of arsenic and metals in sediments of coastal areas of northern Bohai and Yellow Seas, China
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Distributions of arsenic and metals in surface sediments collected from the coastal and estuarine areas of the northern Bohai and Yellow Seas, China, were investigated. An ecological risk assessment of arsenic and metals in the sediments was evaluated by three approaches: the Sediment Quality Guidelines (SQGs) of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), the degree of contamination, and two sets of SQGs indices. Sediments from the estuaries of the Wuli and Yalu Rivers contained some of the greatest concentrations of arsenic, cadmium, copper, mercury, lead, and zinc. Median concentrations of cadmium and mean concentrations of lead and zinc were greater than background concentrations determined for the areas. All sediments were considered to be heavily polluted by arsenic, but moderately polluted by chromium, lead, and cadmium. Current concentrations of arsenic and metals are unlikely to be acutely toxic, but chronic exposures would be expected to cause adverse effects on benthic invertebrates at 31.4% of the sites.
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- Ecological risk assessment of arsenic and metals in sediments of coastal areas of northern Bohai and Yellow Seas, China
Volume 39, Issue 5-6 , pp 367-375
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- Springer Netherlands
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- Arsenic and metals
- Ecological risk assessment
- Author Affiliations
- 1. State Key Lab of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, PO Box 2871, Beijing, 100085, People’s Republic of China
- 2. Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences and Toxicology Center, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada
- 3. Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University, Seoul, 136-713, South Korea
- 4. Department of Zoology, National Food Safety and Toxicology Center and Center for Integrative Toxicology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA
- 5. Department of Biology and Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, China