, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 1139-1142
Date: 08 Sep 2013

Association between the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 +49A/G polymorphism and bladder cancer risk

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Abstract

Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) is a potent immunoregulatory molecule that suppresses antitumor response by downregulating T cell activation. The most studied CTLA-4 +49A/G polymorphism has been associated with various cancers risks. However, little is known about the association between CTLA-4 +49A/G polymorphism and bladder cancer risk. A hospital-based case–control study was conducted in 300 patients with bladder cancer and 300 healthy controls matched with age and sex. The CTLA-4 +49A/G polymorphism was genotyped using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Patients with bladder cancer had a significantly lower frequency of CTLA-4 +49GG genotype [odds ratio (OR) = 0.44, 95 % confidence interval (CI) = 0.23, 0.85; P = 0.01] and G allele (OR = 0.73, 95 % CI = 0.56, 0.96; P = 0.02) than healthy controls. When stratifying by the stage, grade, and histological type of bladder cancer, we found no statistical association. This is the first study to highlight the significant association between CTLA-4 +49A/G polymorphism and bladder cancer risk. Additional studies are needed to confirm this finding.

This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or nonprofit sectors.