, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 877-884
Date: 17 Jan 2012

Pharmacogenetic role of ERCC1 genetic variants in treatment response of platinum-based chemotherapy among advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients

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The excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) plays an essential role in DNA repair and has been linked to resistance to platinum-based anticancer drugs among advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. We systematically evaluate whether ERCC1 Asn118Asn and C8092A genetic variants are associated with treatment response of platinum chemotherapy. We preformed a meta-analysis using ten eligible cohort studies (including 11 datasets) with a total of 1,252 NSCLC patients to summarize the existing data on the association between the ERCC1 Asn118Asn and C8092A polymorphisms and response to platinum regiments. Odds ratio or hazard ratio with 95% confidence interval were calculated to estimate the correlation. We found that neither ERCC1 C8092A polymorphism nor Asn118Asn variant is associated with different response of platinum-based treatment among advanced NSCLC patients. Additionally, these two genetic variants are not related to treatment response in either Caucasian patients or Asian patients. Our meta-analysis indicates that the ERCC1 Asn118Asn and C8092A polymorphisms may not be good prognostic biomarkers for platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with stage III–IV NSCLC.