, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 123-145,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 21 Jan 2014

Imaging in Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR): role of the radiologist

Abstract

Background

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a novel technique developed in the last decade to treat severe aortic stenosis in patients who are non-surgical candidates because of multiple comorbidities.

Methods

Since the technique is performed using a transvascular approach, pre-procedural assessment of the aortic valve apparatus, ascending aorta and vascular access is of paramount importance for both appropriate patient selection and correct device selection. This assessment is performed by a multi-disciplinary team with radiology being an integral and important part.

Results

Among imaging modalities, there is growing scientific evidence supporting the crucial role of MDCT in the assessment of the aortic valve apparatus, suitability of the iliofemoral or alternative pathway, and determination of appropriate coaxial angles. MDCT also plays an important role in post-procedure imaging in the assessment of valve integrity and position.

Conclusion

This review outlines the principal aspects of TAVR, the multidisciplinary approach and utilisation of different imaging modalities, as well as a step-by-step approach to MDCT acquisition protocols, reconstruction techniques, pre-procedure measurements and post-procedure assessment.

Teaching Points

TAVR is a new technique to treat severe aortic stenosis in high-risk and nonsurgical candidates.

MDCT assessment of the aortic annulus is important for appropriate patient and device selection.

Multidisciplinary approach is required for patient selection, procedure planning and performance.

MDCT is required for assessment of the aortic root, iliofemoral or alternative vascular pathway.