Protein & Cell

, Volume 2, Issue 10, pp 845–854

SDF-1/CXCR4 axis modulates bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell apoptosis, migration and cytokine secretion

  • Xiaolei Liu
  • Biyan Duan
  • Zhaokang Cheng
  • Xiaohua Jia
  • Lina Mao
  • Hao Fu
  • Yongzhe Che
  • Lailiang Ou
  • Lin Liu
  • Deling Kong
Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s13238-011-1097-z

Cite this article as:
Liu, X., Duan, B., Cheng, Z. et al. Protein Cell (2011) 2: 845. doi:10.1007/s13238-011-1097-z

Abstract

Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are considered as a promising cell source to treat the acute myocardial infarction. However, over 90% of the stem cells usually die in the first three days of transplantation. Survival potential, migration ability and paracrine capacity have been considered as the most important three factors for cell transplantation in the ischemic cardiac treatment. We hypothesized that stromal-derived factor-1 (SDF-1)/CXCR4 axis plays a critical role in the regulation of these processes. In this study, apoptosis was induced by exposure of MSCs to H2O2 for 2 h. After re-oxygenation, the SDF-1 pretreated MSCs demonstrated a significant increase in survival and proliferation. SDF-1 pretreatment also enhanced the migration and increased the secretion of pro-survival and angiogenic cytokines including basic fibroblast growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor. Western blot and RT-PCR demonstrated that SDF-1 pretreatment significantly activated the pro-survival Akt and Erk signaling pathways and up-regulated Bcl-2/Bax ratio. These protective effects were partially inhibited by AMD3100, an antagonist of CXCR4.We conclude that the SDF-1/CXCR4 axis is critical for MSC survival, migration and cytokine secretion.

Keywords

SDF-1/CXCR4bone marrow mesenchymal stem cellssurvivalmigrationsecretion

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaolei Liu
    • 1
  • Biyan Duan
    • 2
  • Zhaokang Cheng
    • 1
  • Xiaohua Jia
    • 1
  • Lina Mao
    • 1
    • 4
  • Hao Fu
    • 1
  • Yongzhe Che
    • 3
  • Lailiang Ou
    • 1
  • Lin Liu
    • 1
  • Deling Kong
    • 1
  1. 1.The Key Laboratory of Bioactive Materials, Ministry of Education, College of Life ScienceNankai UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.College of PharmacyNankai UniversityTianjinChina
  3. 3.School of MedicineNankai UniversityTianjinChina
  4. 4.Oklahoma Medical Research FoundationOklahoma CityUSA