Original Article

The Nucleus

, Volume 56, Issue 3, pp 191-195

First online:

Distribution and cytology of Quercus baloot Griff.; an endemic tree species of North-West Himalayas

  • Eshan SharmaAffiliated withDepartment of Botany, University of Jammu
  • , Upvan BushanAffiliated withDepartment of Botany, University of Jammu
  • , Geeta SharmaAffiliated withDepartment of Botany, University of Jammu
  • , Namrata SharmaAffiliated withDepartment of Botany, University of Jammu Email author 

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Quercus baloot Griff. (Fagaceae) an important tree species, found in Jammu region of J & K State, India was studied for distribution and cytology. In this region, the wild stands of this species have been located at Thatri, Shalimar, Dool, Bhandarkot and Kishtwar High Altitude National Park (KHANP) areas of Kishtwar district and Sindra, Balessa, Prano, Bhalla, Chinta, Nalthi and Jai in Bhaderwah area of Doda district. Karyotypic analysis on the species collected from Sindra revealed the presence of 2n = 24 very small sized chromosomes. Of these, 2 were median and 22 were submedian. Meiosis in pollen mother cells of the species at diakinesis revealed the presence of multivalents plus bivalents in 25 % cells and 12 bivalents in 75 % cells. At metaphase-I, 12 bivalents were present. Segregation was regular at anaphase-I and pollen stainability as determined by using 1 % acetocarmine and 2, 3, 5, triphenyl tetrazolium chloride was found to be 81.5 % and 45.92 % respectively.


Bivalents Karyotype analysis Multivalent Quercus baloot