Fungal Diversity

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 249-277

First online:

A molecular, morphological and ecological re-appraisal of Venturiales―a new order of Dothideomycetes

  • Ying ZhangAffiliated withMushroom Research FoundationInstitute of Excellence in Fungal Research, School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University
  • , Pedro W. CrousAffiliated withCBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity CentreMicrobiology, Department of Biology, Utrecht UniversityWageningen University and Research Centre (WUR), Laboratory of Phytopathology
  • , Conrad L. SchochAffiliated withNational Center for Biotechnology Information, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health
  • , Ali H. BahkaliAffiliated withBotany and Microbiology Department, College of Science, King Saud University
  • , Liang Dong GuoAffiliated withState Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • , Kevin D. HydeAffiliated withBotany and Microbiology Department, College of Science, King Saud UniversityInternational Fungal Research & Development Centre, The Research Institute of Resource Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry, KunmingInstitute of Excellence in Fungal Research, School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University Email author 

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The Venturiaceae was traditionally assigned to Pleosporales although its diagnostic characters readily distinguish it from other pleosporalean families. These include a parasitic or saprobic lifestyle, occurring on leaves or stems of dicotyledons; small to medium-sized ascomata, often with setae; deliquescing pseudoparaphyses; 8-spored, broadly cylindrical to obclavate asci; 1-septate, yellowish, greenish or pale brown to brown ascospores; and hyphomycetous anamorphs. Phylogenetically, core genera of Venturiaceae form a monophyletic clade within Dothideomycetes, and represent a separate sister lineage from current orders, thus a new order—Venturiales is introduced. A new family, Sympoventuriaceae, is introduced to accommodate taxa of a well-supported subclade within Venturiales, which contains Sympoventuria, Veronaeopsis simplex and Fusicladium-like species. Based on morphology and DNA sequence analysis, eight genera are included in Venturiaceae, viz. Acantharia, Apiosporina (including Dibotryon), Caproventuria, Coleroa, Pseudoparodiella, Metacoleroa, Tyrannosorus and Venturia. Molecular phylogenetic information is lacking for seven genera previously included in Venturiales, namely Arkoola, Atopospora, Botryostroma, Lasiobotrys, Trichodothella, Trichodothis and Rhizogenee and these are discussed, but their inclusion in Venturiaceae is doubtful. Crotone, Gibbera, Lineostroma, Phaeocryptopus, Phragmogibbera, Platychora, Polyrhizon, Rosenscheldiella, Uleodothis and Xenomeris are excluded from Venturiales, and their ordinal placement needs further investigation. Zeuctomorpha is treated as a synonym of Acantharia.


Fusicladium Generic type Sympoventuriaceae Taxonomy Venturiaceae