, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 516-520
Date: 26 Jun 2013

Breast Cancer Knowledge and Related Behaviors among Women in Abha City, Southwestern Saudi Arabia

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Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1,092 women attending urban primary health care centers in Abha City southwestern Saudi Arabia about breast cancer knowledge, attitudes, and related practices. Only 22.0 % heard about mammography, and 41.5 % heard about breast self-examination (BSE). More than half of the women in the study identified changes occurring in case of breast cancer and identified risk factors. Only 8.3 % were examined by clinical breast examination (CBE), 6.2 % were examined by mammography, and 29.7 % performed BSE. The study points to the insufficient knowledge of women and the low practice of BSE, CBE, and mammography. Public awareness should be enhanced by all available means including mass media, schools, social gatherings, and waiting areas in primary health care centers. There is an urgent need for continuing medical education programs for health care workers in the region concerning breast cancer.